Tirunelveli District, with population of about 30.8 lakh is Tamil Nadu's the 8th most populous district, located in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Tirunelveli district is 6693 km2 and it is the 2nd biggest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 460 persons per km2. There are 11 sub districts in the district, among them Tirunelveli is the most populous sub district with population of about 6.4 lakh and Palayamkottai is the least populous sub district with population of about 91 thousand.

There are 8 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Tirunelveli Municipal Corporation; Kadayanallur, Tenkasi, Puliankudi, Sankarankoil and Vikramasingapuram Municipalities (limited to 5 most populous).

Demographics

The district is home to about 30.8 lakh people, among them about 15.2 lakh (49%) are male and about 15.6 lakh (51%) are female. 81% of the whole population are from general caste, 19% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Tirunelveli district is 10%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 8.2 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 51% (about 15.6 lakh) live in Tirunelveli District rural part and 49% (about 15.2 lakh) population live in the Tirunelveli District urban part. Rural population density of Tirunelveli district is 276 and urban population density is 1438 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Tirunelveli

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 3,077,233 2,497,249 569,714 10,270 321,687
Male 1,520,912 1,236,233 279,570 5,109 164,157
Female 1,556,321 1,261,016 290,144 5,161 157,530

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Tirunelveli

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Tirunelveli 642835 Chockampatti 18220 Tirunelveli 473637
Ambasamudram 428031 Palavoor 17780 Kadayanallur 90364
Tenkasi 399946 Kallurani 16699 Tenkasi 70545
Sankarankoil 350144 Avudaiyanoor 15948 Puliankudi 66034
Radhapuram 304652 Sendamangalam 15613 Sankarankoil 57277
Nanguneri 225602 Kilakadayam 15135 Vikramasingapuram 47241
Sivagiri 194156 Levinjipuram 14020 Ambasamudram 35645
Alangulam 176138 Chettikulam 13866 Surandai 35272
Shenkottai 141416 Kulasekarapatti 13075 Kalakad 30921
Veerakeralamputhur 123137 Gunaramanallur 12982 Panagudi 29895

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 79% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Christians which contribute 11% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 10% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1022 in Christians are 1046 and in Muslims are 1008.

Religion wise population 2011 - Tirunelveli

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 3,077,233 2,425,630 303,368 342,254 268 373 144 450 4,746
Male 1,520,912 1,199,635 151,056 167,247 129 197 83 182 2,383
Female 1,556,321 1,225,995 152,312 175,007 139 176 61 268 2,363

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 13% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 27.2 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 12% which is -2% lower than male population growth rate of 14%. General caste population has increased by 11.8%; Schedule caste population has increased by 18.4%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 22.9% and child population has increased by 0.5% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Tirunelveli

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 13% 11.8% 18.4% 22.9% 0.5%
Male 14% 12.8% 19.7% 25.2% 0.3%
Female 12% 10.8% 17.3% 20.6% 0.6%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1023 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 1020, in schedule caste is 1038 and in schedule tribe is 1010. There are 960 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has decreased by 19 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 3 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Tirunelveli

Total General SC ST Child
Change -19 -18 -21 -39 3
2011 1023 1020 1038 1010 960
2001 1042 1038 1059 1049 957

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Tirunelveli

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Ambasamudram 1034 Courtallam Slopes R.F. 3000 Terkukallikulam 1098
Nanguneri 1034 Vilvarayankulam 2000 Vaddakkankulam 1086
Sivagiri 1032 Ariyakulam 1469 Thirukarungudi 1075
Veerakeralamputhur 1028 Thulukkarpatti 1450 Veeravanallur 1064
Radhapuram 1027 Gangainadarkulam 1355 Mukkudal 1060
Tirunelveli 1025 Srivaramangaipuram 1189 Vikramasingapuram 1058
Sankarankoil 1024 Tennirkulam 1181 Kalladaikurichi 1054
Alangulam 1023 Singikulam (OLD) 1167 Pathamadai 1051
Palayamkottai 1015 Thiruthu 1167 Ambasamudram 1048
Tenkasi 1005 Kansapuram 1162 Alwarkurichi 1047

Literacy

Total about 22.7 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 12.1 lakh are male and about 10.6 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Tirunelveli is 83%. 89% of male and 76% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 7%. Male literacy has gone up by 4% and female literacy rate has gone up by 9%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Tirunelveli

Total Male Female
Change 6.4% 4.0% 8.6%
2011 82.5% 89.2% 76%
2001 76.1% 85.2% 67.4%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Tirunelveli

Workers profile

Tirunelveli has 47% (about 14.4 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 58% male and 36% female population are working population. 52% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 6% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 31% of total female population are main and 5% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Tirunelveli

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 46.7% 41.3% 5.4% 53.3%
Male 57.6% 52% 5.6% 42.4%
Female 36% 30.9% 5.1% 64%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Tirunelveli