Thoothukkudi District, with population of about 17.5 lakh is Tamil Nadu's the 13th least populous district, located in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Thoothukkudi district is 4745 km2 and it is the 10th biggest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 369 persons per km2. There are 8 sub districts in the district, among them Thoothukkudi is the most populous sub district with population of about 4.8 lakh and Ettayapuram is the least populous sub district with population of about 75 thousand.

There are 3 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Thoothukkudi Municipal Corporation; Kovilpatti and Kayalpattinam Municipalities.

Demographics

The district is home to about 17.5 lakh people, among them about 8.7 lakh (49%) are male and about 8.9 lakh (51%) are female. 80% of the whole population are from general caste, 20% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Thoothukkudi district is 10%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 4.6 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 50% (about 8.8 lakh) live in Thoothukkudi District urban part and 50% (about 8.7 lakh) population live in the Thoothukkudi District rural part. Rural population density of Thoothukkudi district is 202 and urban population density is 2114 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Thoothukkudi

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 1,750,176 1,397,370 347,895 4,911 183,763
Male 865,021 689,892 172,663 2,466 93,605
Female 885,155 707,478 175,232 2,445 90,158

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Thoothukkudi

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Thoothukkudi 478328 Thoothukudi 14159 Thoothukkudi 237830
Kovilpatti 321323 Paramankurichi 9181 Kovilpatti 95057
Tiruchendur 310945 Ottappidaram 7963 Milavittan 45863
Srivaikuntam 202962 Kulasekaranpattinam 7891 Kayalpattinam 40588
Vilathikulam 139581 Seydunganallur 7708 Mappilaiurani 40035
Ottapidaram 123356 Punnakayal 7684 Muttayyapuram 32494
Sathankulam 98690 Padukkapathu 7425 Tiruchendur 32171
Ettayapuram 74991 Tharuvaikulam 7325 Arumuganeri 27266
Vallanadu (Kasba) 7160 Athimarapatti 22218
Mukkani 6851 Sankaraperi 19844

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 79% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Christians which contribute 17% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 5% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1018 in Christians are 1035 and in Muslims are 1072.

Religion wise population 2011 - Thoothukkudi

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 1,750,176 1,373,920 80,740 291,908 127 286 53 112 3,030
Male 865,021 680,881 38,970 143,462 73 161 30 85 1,359
Female 885,155 693,039 41,770 148,446 54 125 23 27 1,671

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 11.3% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 15.7 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 9.9% which is -2.9% lower than male population growth rate of 12.8%. General caste population has increased by 9.2%; Schedule caste population has increased by 20.4%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 40.6% and child population has decreased by -0.4% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Thoothukkudi

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 11.3% 9.2% 20.4% 40.6% -0.4%
Male 12.8% 10.9% 20.7% 40% -0.9%
Female 9.9% 7.6% 20.1% 41.2% 0.2%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1023 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 1025, in schedule caste is 1015 and in schedule tribe is 991. There are 963 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has decreased by 27 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 10 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Thoothukkudi

Total General SC ST Child
Change -27 -32 -5 8 10
2011 1023 1025 1015 991 963
2001 1050 1057 1020 983 953

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Thoothukkudi

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Sathankulam 1073 Ilambuvanam 1571 Kanam 1109
Ettayapuram 1055 Thalaikattupuram 1424 Kayalpattinam 1082
Tiruchendur 1045 Podupatti 1382 Inam Maniyachi 1070
Kovilpatti 1036 Veerapandianpattinam 1270 Kovilpatti 1065
Srivaikuntam 1021 Kulasekaranpattinam 1229 Arumuganeri 1040
Vilathikulam 1007 T.Arunachalapuram 1226 Sathankulam 1039
Thoothukkudi 999 Kuralayampatti 1224 Tittangulam 1036
Ottapidaram 999 Thatchamozhi 1209 Thenthiruperai 1035
Kommadikottai 1205 Srivaikuntam 1032
Sriparankusanallur 1204 V. Pudur 1029

Literacy

Total about 13.5 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 7 lakh are male and about 6.5 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Thoothukkudi is 86%. 91% of male and 81% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 4%. Male literacy has gone up by 3% and female literacy rate has gone up by 6%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Thoothukkudi

Total Male Female
Change 4.7% 2.8% 6.2%
2011 86.2% 91.1% 81.3%
2001 81.5% 88.3% 75.1%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Thoothukkudi

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Thoothukkudi 91 Vallanadu R.F. 100 Nazerath 95
Tiruchendur 91 Muramban 98 Eral 94
Sathankulam 90 Ramaswamipuram 97 Thoothukkudi 94
Srivaikuntam 85 Kodungani 96 Sathankulam 94
Kovilpatti 81 Lakshmipuram 96 Udangudi 93
Ottapidaram 81 Puraiyoor 95 Kayalpattinam 93
Vilathikulam 80 Mudalur 95 Sayapuram 93
Ettayapuram 77 Megnanapuram 95 Sankaraperi 92
Pudiyamputhur 95 Kumaragiri 92
Mudivaithanendal 95 Perungulam 92

Workers profile

Thoothukkudi has 43% (about 7.5 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 58% male and 28% female population are working population. 53% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 5% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 22% of total female population are main and 5% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Thoothukkudi

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 42.7% 37.6% 5.2% 57.3%
Male 58.2% 53.2% 5.1% 41.8%
Female 27.6% 22.3% 5.3% 72.4%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Thoothukkudi

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Ottappidaram 36.7 Muttayyapuram 32
Pudukulam 29.9 Arumuganeri 30
Kilavallanadu 28.5 Athur 25.6
Keela Vilathikulam - II 27.1 Milavittan 20.9
Idaiseval 26.5 Perungulam 20.5
Sattankulam 26.1 Vilathikulam 17.9
Melmandai 25.7 Kumaragiri 17
Umarikottai 25.5 Kadambur 14.5
Vallakulam 25 Thoothukkudi 13.5
Cherakulam 25 Kovilpatti 12.6