Ramanathapuram District, with population of about 13.5 lakh is Tamil Nadu's the 8th least populous district, located in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Ramanathapuram district is 4104 km2 and it is the 15th smallest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 330 persons per km2. There are 7 sub districts in the district, among them Ramanathapuram is the most populous sub district with population of about 4 lakh and Rameswaram is the least populous sub district with population of about 83 thousand.

There are 4 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Paramakudi, Ramanathapuram, Rameswaram and Keelakarai Municipalities.

Demographics

The district is home to about 13.5 lakh people, among them about 6.8 lakh (50%) are male and about 6.7 lakh (50%) are female. 82% of the whole population are from general caste, 18% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Ramanathapuram district is 10%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 3.2 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 70% (about 9.4 lakh) live in Ramanathapuram District rural part and 30% (about 4.1 lakh) population live in the Ramanathapuram District urban part. Rural population density of Ramanathapuram district is 241 and urban population density is 2150 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Ramanathapuram

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 1,353,445 1,103,332 249,008 1,105 140,644
Male 682,658 557,084 125,015 559 71,705
Female 670,787 546,248 123,993 546 68,939

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Ramanathapuram

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Ramanathapuram 399232 Pamban 37819 Paramakudi 95579
Paramakudi 265142 Alagankulam 15473 Ramanathapuram 61440
Tiruvadanai 212029 Ervadi 13366 Rameswaram 44856
Kadaladi 145277 Narippaiyur 9861 Keelakarai 38355
Kamuthi 135658 Thiruvadanai 9702 Thondi 18465
Mudukulathur 113432 Tiruppalaikkudi 8824 Mandapam 18427
Rameswaram 82675 Kattuparmakudi 8773 Pattinamkattan 17601
Pudumadam 8760 Sakkarakottai 15355
Chittrakkottai 8574 Sayalgudi 14801
Nambuthalai 8064 Mudukulathur 14789

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 77% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 15% of the total population and Christians are the third largest religious community here with 7% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 979 in Muslims are 996 and in Christians are 991.

Religion wise population 2011 - Ramanathapuram

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 1,353,445 1,047,411 208,038 91,139 154 86 29 36 6,552
Male 682,658 529,279 104,243 45,773 91 37 10 20 3,205
Female 670,787 518,132 103,795 45,366 63 49 19 16 3,347

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 14% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 11.9 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 11% which is -6% lower than male population growth rate of 17%. General caste population has increased by 13.7%; Schedule caste population has increased by 15.1%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 2.5% and child population has decreased by -6% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Ramanathapuram

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 14% 13.7% 15.1% 2.5% -6%
Male 17% 17.2% 16.4% 0.5% -5.9%
Female 11% 10.4% 13.8% 4.6% -6.1%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 983 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 981, in schedule caste is 992 and in schedule tribe is 977. There are 961 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has decreased by 53 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 3 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Ramanathapuram

Total General SC ST Child
Change -53 -60 -22 38 -3
2011 983 981 992 977 961
2001 1036 1041 1014 939 964

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Ramanathapuram

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Mudukulathur 1007 Machur 1595 Abiramam 1030
Tiruvadanai 999 Alikkudi 1429 Sakkarakottai 1012
Kamuthi 982 Pottagavayal 1335 Sundarapandianpattinam 1000
Kadaladi 978 Thavalaikulam 1277 R.S.Mangalam 996
Paramakudi 977 Odaikkarai 1251 Melaparthibanur 993
Ramanathapuram 976 Periapattinam 1250 Kamuthi 989
Rameswaram 971 Sethukal 1242 Ramanathapuram 988
Thattanendal 1232 Thondi 982
Ponthampuli 1230 Mandapam 982
Kolundurai 1220 Mudukulathur 981

Literacy

Total about 9.8 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 5.4 lakh are male and about 4.4 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Ramanathapuram is 81%. 88% of male and 74% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 8%. Male literacy has gone up by 5% and female literacy rate has gone up by 11%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Ramanathapuram

Total Male Female
Change 7.7% 4.8% 10.1%
2011 80.7% 87.8% 73.5%
2001 73% 83% 63.4%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Ramanathapuram

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Ramanathapuram 85 Periapattinam 94 Abiramam 93
Rameswaram 84 Odavayal 91 Pattinamkattan 93
Paramakudi 81 Mayakulam 90 Keelakarai 93
Tiruvadanai 80 Mandapam 90 Ramanathapuram 93
Kamuthi 77 Pudumadam 89 Sakkarakottai 91
Kadaladi 77 Perunali 89 Paramakudi 90
Mudukulathur 74 Athyuthu 89 Sundarapandianpattinam 90
Enmanamkondan 88 R.S.Mangalam 90
Kattavilagam 88 Thondi 90
Attur 87 Kamuthi 89

Workers profile

Ramanathapuram has 45% (about 6 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 58% male and 31% female population are working population. 49% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 9% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 23% of total female population are main and 9% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Ramanathapuram

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 44.6% 35.9% 8.6% 55.4%
Male 57.5% 48.8% 8.7% 42.5%
Female 31.3% 22.8% 8.6% 68.7%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Ramanathapuram

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
S.Tharaikudi 40.4 Rameswaram 53
Pamban 36 Mudukulathur 23
Kumudi 30.7 Sakkarakottai 14.6
Tiruppullani 29.3 R.S.Mangalam 13.3
Periakulam 29 Paramakudi 13
Melakidaram 24.7 Sayalgudi 12.2
Sakkarakottai 23.5 Devipattinam 12
Ervadi 23 Thondi 10.2
Alagankulam 22.9 Periapattinam 7.3
Mandapam 22.6 Ramanathapuram 6.3