Virudhunagar District, with population of about 19.4 lakh is Tamil Nadu's the 16th least populous district, located in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Virudhunagar district is 4241 km2 and it is the 17th smallest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 458 persons per km2. There are 8 sub districts in the district, among them Sivakasi is the most populous sub district with population of about 4.3 lakh and Tiruchuli is the least populous sub district with population of about 1 lakh.

There are 7 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Rajapalayam, Aruppukkottai, Srivilliputhur, Virudhunagar and Sivakasi Municipalities (limited to 5 most populous).

Demographics

The district is home to about 19.4 lakh people, among them about 9.7 lakh (50%) are male and about 9.7 lakh (50%) are female. 79% of the whole population are from general caste, 21% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Virudhunagar district is 10%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 5.4 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 50% (about 9.8 lakh) live in Virudhunagar District urban part and 50% (about 9.6 lakh) population live in the Virudhunagar District rural part. Rural population density of Virudhunagar district is 254 and urban population density is 2194 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Virudhunagar

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 1,942,288 1,540,163 399,831 2,294 197,134
Male 967,709 767,823 198,704 1,182 100,827
Female 974,579 772,340 201,127 1,112 96,307

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Virudhunagar

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Sivakasi 426753 Melarajakularaman 16652 Rajapalayam 130442
Rajapalayam 347668 Kunnur 11786 Aruppukkottai 87722
Srivilliputhur 293209 Sholapuram 11607 Srivilliputhur 75396
Virudhunagar 251097 Pandalkudi 10751 Virudhunagar 72296
Aruppukkottai 246236 Muthusamipuram 10288 Sivakasi 71040
Sattur 168607 Maraneri 9746 Thiruthangal 55362
Kariapatti 105428 Tayilupatti 9684 Sattur 29398
Tiruchuli 103290 Tiruchuli 9665 Pallapatti 27925
Thiruthangal 9504 Viswanatham 25555
Chokkanathaputtur 9293 Anaiyur 24436

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 94% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Christians which contribute 3% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 2% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1006 in Christians are 1059 and in Muslims are 992.

Religion wise population 2011 - Virudhunagar

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 1,942,288 1,822,626 47,838 67,405 245 87 98 75 3,914
Male 967,709 908,801 24,014 32,743 148 45 47 31 1,880
Female 974,579 913,825 23,824 34,662 97 42 51 44 2,034

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 10.9% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 17.5 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 10.6% which is -0.6% lower than male population growth rate of 11.2%. General caste population has increased by 8.7%; Schedule caste population has increased by 20.3%; Schedule Tribe population has decreased by -2.7% and child population has decreased by -5.7% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Virudhunagar

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 10.9% 8.7% 20.3% -2.7% -5.7%
Male 11.2% 9% 20.5% 2.1% -5.6%
Female 10.6% 8.4% 20.2% -7.3% -5.9%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1007 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 1006, in schedule caste is 1012 and in schedule tribe is 941. There are 955 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has decreased by 5 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 3 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Virudhunagar

Total General SC ST Child
Change -5 -5 -3 -94 -3
2011 1007 1006 1012 941 955
2001 1012 1011 1015 1035 958

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Virudhunagar

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Sattur 1028 Vellakulam 1448 Elayirampannai 1076
Sivakasi 1014 Kurianjakkulam 1350 Mettamalai 1071
Aruppukkottai 1010 Rudrappanaickenpatti 1331 V.Pudupatti 1051
Srivilliputhur 1008 Sirukulam 1271 Padandal 1049
Rajapalayam 1004 Parattanatham 1268 Sengamalanachiarpatti 1049
Virudhunagar 1000 Udayarendal 1259 Mamsapuram 1044
Kariapatti 989 Soochaneri 1235 Sattur 1042
Tiruchuli 984 Kandukondanmanickam 1232 Vadi 1042
Kalyanasundarapuram 1222 Chathirareddipatti 1035
Thondamankulam 1222 Anaiyur 1026

Literacy

Total about 14 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 7.6 lakh are male and about 6.4 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Virudhunagar is 80%. 88% of male and 73% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 6%. Male literacy has gone up by 4% and female literacy rate has gone up by 9%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Virudhunagar

Total Male Female
Change 6.5% 3.7% 9.1%
2011 80.2% 87.7% 72.7%
2001 73.7% 84% 63.6%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Virudhunagar

Workers profile

Virudhunagar has 49% (about 9.5 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 60% male and 38% female population are working population. 55% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 5% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 33% of total female population are main and 5% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Virudhunagar

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 48.9% 44% 4.9% 51.1%
Male 59.8% 55.3% 4.5% 40.2%
Female 38.1% 32.7% 5.4% 61.9%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Virudhunagar

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Srivilliputtur R.F. 143.7 Pallapatti 48
Kurukkalkulam 113.2 Anaiyur 26.7
Settur RF 64.3 Kariapatti 18
Chettikurichi 29.9 Amathur 18
Kilanmarinadu 27.7 Anuppankulam 16.2
Watrap 26 Aruppukkottai 15
Khansabpuram 24.5 Naranapuram 14.3
Keelrajakularaman 24 Kooraikundu 14.2
Nadukkudi 23.9 Thiruthangal 13
Injar 23.2 Seithur 13