Sivaganga District, with population of about 13.4 lakh is Tamil Nadu's the 7th least populous district, located in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Sivaganga district is 4233 km2 and it is the 16th smallest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 316 persons per km2. There are 6 sub districts in the district, among them Karaikkudi is the most populous sub district with population of about 3 lakh and Ilayangudi is the least populous sub district with population of about 1.1 lakh.

There are 3 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Karaikkudi, Devakottai and Sivaganga Municipalities.

Demographics

The district is home to about 13.4 lakh people, among them about 6.7 lakh (50%) are male and about 6.7 lakh (50%) are female. 83% of the whole population are from general caste, 17% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Sivaganga district is 10%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 3.4 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 69% (about 9.3 lakh) live in Sivaganga District rural part and 31% (about 4.1 lakh) population live in the Sivaganga District urban part. Rural population density of Sivaganga district is 228 and urban population density is 2337 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Sivaganga

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 1,339,101 1,110,565 227,746 790 137,235
Male 668,672 554,679 113,599 394 70,022
Female 670,429 555,886 114,147 396 67,213

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Sivaganga

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Karaikkudi 300527 Somanathamangalam 14490 Karaikkudi 106714
Sivaganga 288674 Paiyaurpillaivayal 11016 Devakottai 51865
Tirupathur 275779 Kallal 7100 Sivaganga 40403
Manamadurai 207223 Ilayathagudi North 6822 Manamadurai 32257
Devakottai 157631 Pananvayal (a )Pannampatti 6754 Sankarapuram 26536
Ilayangudi 109267 Veliyathur 6325 Tirupathur 25980
Singampunari North 6198 Ilayangudi 24767
Salaigramam 6088 Thirupuvanam 24554
Kanjirangal 5980 Singampuneri 18143
Ariyakkudi 5538 Kottaiyur 14766

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 89% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Christians which contribute 6% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 6% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1001 in Christians are 1031 and in Muslims are 998.

Religion wise population 2011 - Sivaganga

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 1,339,101 1,186,078 74,310 75,481 150 80 109 24 2,869
Male 668,672 592,770 37,200 37,160 78 36 52 13 1,363
Female 670,429 593,308 37,110 38,321 72 44 57 11 1,506

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 15.9% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 11.6 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 13.9% which is -4% lower than male population growth rate of 17.9%. General caste population has increased by 15%; Schedule caste population has increased by 20.6%; Schedule Tribe population has decreased by -27.1% and child population has increased by 3.3% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Sivaganga

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 15.9% 15% 20.6% -27.1% 3.3%
Male 17.9% 17.1% 22.7% -26.5% 2.9%
Female 13.9% 13.1% 18.6% -27.6% 3.7%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1003 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 1002, in schedule caste is 1005 and in schedule tribe is 1005. There are 960 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has decreased by 35 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 8 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Sivaganga

Total General SC ST Child
Change -35 -36 -35 -16 8
2011 1003 1002 1005 1005 960
2001 1038 1038 1040 1021 952

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Sivaganga

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Ilayangudi 1024 Pallivayal 1791 Nattarasankottai 1071
Sivaganga 1019 Thugavoor 1491 Tirupathur 1033
Karaikkudi 1011 Kodikulam 1417 Kandanur 1028
Tirupathur 995 Kottappatti 1396 Puduvayal 1021
Manamadurai 984 Ammanpatti 1294 Pallathur 1015
Devakottai 980 Mathukanmoi 1280 Singampuneri 1007
Poolangudi 1254 Kanadukathan 1003
Keelamangalam 1249 Karaikkudi 1000
Veppankulam 1244 Manamadurai 999
Irubuvayal 1226 Sankarapuram 998

Literacy

Total about 9.6 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 5.3 lakh are male and about 4.3 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Sivaganga is 80%. 88% of male and 72% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 8%. Male literacy has gone up by 5% and female literacy rate has gone up by 10%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Sivaganga

Total Male Female
Change 7.7% 4.8% 10.2%
2011 79.9% 87.9% 71.9%
2001 72.2% 83.1% 61.7%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Sivaganga

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Karaikkudi 85 Orasur 95 Sivaganga 93
Devakottai 82 Nadamangalam 94 Sankarapuram 92
Sivaganga 79 Somanathamangalam 91 Karaikkudi 90
Manamadurai 78 Pattakuruchi 90 Tirupathur 90
Tirupathur 77 Amaravathi 89 Devakottai 90
Ilayangudi 76 Mampatti Devasthanam 89 Thirupuvanam 90
Nedungulam 89 Kottaiyur 89
Pallivayal 89 Ilayangudi 89
Selugai 88 Manamadurai 87
Kanjirangal 88 Kanadukathan 86

Workers profile

Sivaganga has 46% (about 6.2 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 59% male and 34% female population are working population. 47% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 12% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 22% of total female population are main and 12% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Sivaganga

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 46.3% 34.4% 11.9% 53.7%
Male 58.5% 46.7% 11.8% 41.5%
Female 34.1% 22.2% 11.9% 65.9%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Sivaganga

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Aranmanaisiruvayal 28.9 Sankarapuram 22.7
Salaigramam 24.1 Thirupuvanam 18
Velangudi 22.9 Nattarasankottai 18
Singampunari South 22.7 Ilayangudi 16.9
Kilathari 22.4 Tirupathur 14.4
Arasanur 21.7 Karaikkudi 13.8
Visavanoor 20 Devakottai 12.4
Thekkur (Athikkadu) 19.8 Singampuneri 8.4
Veliyathur 18.7 Nerkuppai 8
Siruganur 18.6 Kanadukathan 7.7