Thanjavur District, with population of about 24.1 lakh is Tamil Nadu's the 14th most populous district, located in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Thanjavur district is 3411 km2 and it is the 11th smallest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 705 persons per km2. There are 8 sub districts in the district, among them Thanjavur is the most populous sub district with population of about 5.1 lakh and Peravurani is the least populous sub district with population of about 1.2 lakh.

There are 3 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Thanjavur, Kumbakonam and Pattukkottai Municipalities.

Demographics

The district is home to about 24.1 lakh people, among them about 11.8 lakh (49%) are male and about 12.2 lakh (51%) are female. 81% of the whole population are from general caste, 19% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Thanjavur district is 10%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 6.1 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 65% (about 15.5 lakh) live in Thanjavur District rural part and 35% (about 8.5 lakh) population live in the Thanjavur District urban part. Rural population density of Thanjavur district is 511 and urban population density is 2323 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Thanjavur

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 2,405,890 1,947,267 455,062 3,561 238,598
Male 1,182,416 954,818 225,859 1,739 121,949
Female 1,223,474 992,449 229,203 1,822 116,649

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Thanjavur

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Thanjavur 511865 Thiruvalanjuli 11804 Thanjavur 222943
Kumbakonam 436592 Melavelithottam 11211 Kumbakonam 140156
Pattukkottai 396236 Ramanathapuram Addl. 10899 Pattukkottai 73135
Papanasam 273511 Thepperumanallur 10020 Nanjikottai 32689
Orathanadu 246871 Pasupathikoil II 9025 Adiramapattinam 31066
Thiruvidaimarudur 231151 Rajagiri 8460 Peravurani 22084
Thiruvaiyaru 185803 Pandaravadai 8420 Papanasam 17548
Peravurani 123861 Budalur 8372 Vallam 16758
Pillaiyarpatti 7966 Madukkur 16266
Thamarankottai North 7557 Ayyampettai 16263

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 86% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 8% of the total population and Christians are the third largest religious community here with 6% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1025 in Muslims are 1128 and in Christians are 1052.

Religion wise population 2011 - Thanjavur

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 2,405,890 2,075,870 190,814 133,971 231 795 1,256 148 2,805
Male 1,182,416 1,024,883 89,681 65,273 118 402 629 66 1,364
Female 1,223,474 1,050,987 101,133 68,698 113 393 627 82 1,441

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 8.6% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 22.2 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 9.3% which is 1.5% higher than male population growth rate of 7.8%. General caste population has increased by 7.4%; Schedule caste population has increased by 13.9%; Schedule Tribe population has decreased by -2.2% and child population has decreased by -8.1% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Thanjavur

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 8.6% 7.4% 13.9% -2.2% -8.1%
Male 7.8% 6.6% 13.6% -1.9% -8%
Female 9.3% 8.3% 14.1% -2.5% -8.2%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1035 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 1039, in schedule caste is 1015 and in schedule tribe is 1048. There are 957 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 14 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 2 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Thanjavur

Total General SC ST Child
Change 14 16 5 -6 -2
2011 1035 1039 1015 1048 957
2001 1021 1023 1010 1054 959

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Thanjavur

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Pattukkottai 1071 Poyyundarkudikadu 2525 Chakkarapalli 1233
Orathanadu 1056 Maikkelpatti 1377 Vallam 1145
Peravurani 1053 Talikkottai 1353 Ayyampettai 1142
Papanasam 1042 Soundaranayakipuram 1340 Cholapuram 1129
Thiruvaiyaru 1025 Korathur Ukkadai 1333 Vilar 1126
Thanjavur 1022 Reguramasamudram 1314 Madukkur 1119
Kumbakonam 1017 Ananteswarapuram 1308 Melathiruppanthuruthi 1108
Thiruvidaimarudur 1005 Chinna avadayar Koil 1302 Orathanadu (Mukthambalpuram) 1097
Kavarapattu 1295 Adiramapattinam 1085
Villunivayal 1292 Peravurani 1075

Literacy

Total about 17.9 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 9.4 lakh are male and about 8.5 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Thanjavur is 83%. 89% of male and 77% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 8%. Male literacy has gone up by 5% and female literacy rate has gone up by 10%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Thanjavur

Total Male Female
Change 7.1% 4.5% 9.8%
2011 82.6% 89% 76.5%
2001 75.5% 84.5% 66.7%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Thanjavur

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Thanjavur 87 Paingattuvayal 100 Nanjikottai 94
Kumbakonam 86 Onbathuveli 99 Neelagiri 93
Thiruvaiyaru 84 Maikkelpatti 96 Perumandi 92
Thiruvidaimarudur 83 Thirumalai Samudram 95 Kumbakonam 92
Pattukkottai 80 Rayanthur 94 Thanjavur 91
Papanasam 80 Santhankadu 93 Ullur 91
Peravurani 78 Pulianthoppu 93 Swamimalai 90
Orathanadu 75 Elandurai 93 Thiruvaiyaru 90
Sakkottai 92 Cholapuram 90
Melavelithottam 92 Pattukkottai 89

Workers profile

Thanjavur has 40% (about 9.7 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 58% male and 24% female population are working population. 51% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 6% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 19% of total female population are main and 5% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Thanjavur

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 40.5% 34.7% 5.8% 59.5%
Male 57.6% 51.1% 6.4% 42.4%
Female 24% 18.8% 5.2% 76%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Thanjavur