Thiruvarur District, with population of about 12.6 lakh is Tamil Nadu's the 6th least populous district, located in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Thiruvarur district is 2274 km2 and it is the 5th smallest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 556 persons per km2. There are 7 sub districts in the district, among them Mannargudi is the most populous sub district with population of about 3.1 lakh and Valangaiman is the least populous sub district with population of about 1 lakh.

There are 4 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Mannargudi, Thiruvarur, Kuthanallur and Thiruthuraipoondi Municipalities.

Demographics

The district is home to about 12.6 lakh people, among them about 6.3 lakh (50%) are male and about 6.4 lakh (50%) are female. 66% of the whole population are from general caste, 34% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Thiruvarur district is 10%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 3.3 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 80% (about 10.1 lakh) live in Thiruvarur District rural part and 20% (about 2.6 lakh) population live in the Thiruvarur District urban part. Rural population density of Thiruvarur district is 464 and urban population density is 2513 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Thiruvarur

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 1,264,277 830,316 430,927 3,034 121,973
Male 626,693 410,510 214,717 1,466 62,280
Female 637,584 419,806 216,210 1,568 59,693

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Thiruvarur

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Mannargudi 308380 Adiyakkamangalam 7786 Mannargudi 66999
Thiruthuraipoondi 214995 Paravakkottai-II 7698 Thiruvarur 58301
Kodavasal 203157 Sekarai 7668 Kuthanallur 25423
Thiruvarur 151696 Pulivalam 7438 Thiruthuraipoondi 24404
Needamangalam 147440 Idumbavanam 7345 Muthupet 21722
Nannilam 137964 Thiruvidavasal 7151 Kodavasal 14639
Valangaiman 100645 Thillaivilagam 6298 Nannilam 12618
Kothamangalam 5980 Valangaiman 11754
Udayamarthandapuram 5823 Needamangalam 9336
Asesham 5787 Koradacheri 6450

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 90% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 8% of the total population and Christians are the third largest religious community here with 3% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1010 in Muslims are 1112 and in Christians are 1018.

Religion wise population 2011 - Thiruvarur

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 1,264,277 1,132,785 96,092 33,192 258 151 279 64 1,456
Male 626,693 563,648 45,508 16,448 140 80 149 30 690
Female 637,584 569,137 50,584 16,744 118 71 130 34 766

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 8.1% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 11.7 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 8.3% which is 0.4% higher than male population growth rate of 7.9%. General caste population has increased by 5.3%; Schedule caste population has increased by 13.9%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 13.5% and child population has decreased by -12.9% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Thiruvarur

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 8.1% 5.3% 13.9% 13.5% -12.9%
Male 7.9% 5% 13.8% 11.9% -12.4%
Female 8.3% 5.6% 14% 15% -13.5%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1017 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 1023, in schedule caste is 1007 and in schedule tribe is 1070. There are 958 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 3 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 12 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Thiruvarur

Total General SC ST Child
Change 3 5 2 30 -12
2011 1017 1023 1007 1070 958
2001 1014 1018 1005 1040 970

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Thiruvarur

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Thiruthuraipoondi 1041 Sundarakkottai 1895 Kuthanallur 1090
Thiruvarur 1028 Karppaganatherkulam 1218 Thiruvarur 1053
Needamangalam 1026 Kaluvangadu 1196 Muthupet 1052
Mannargudi 1020 Melanammankurichi 1181 Thiruthuraipoondi 1036
Valangaiman 1005 Melanatham 1179 Valangaiman 1021
Kodavasal 1001 Sekarai 1165 Mannargudi 1018
Nannilam 989 Palayakottaiparasapuram 1164 Koradacheri 1012
Thiruvidavasal 1157 Needamangalam 1011
Muthupet 1154 Kodavasal 1011
Radhanarasimmapuram 1151 Peralam 982

Literacy

Total about 9.5 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 5 lakh are male and about 4.4 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Thiruvarur is 83%. 89% of male and 77% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 6%. Male literacy has gone up by 4% and female literacy rate has gone up by 9%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Thiruvarur

Total Male Female
Change 6.3% 3.7% 8.8%
2011 82.9% 89.1% 76.7%
2001 76.6% 85.4% 67.9%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Thiruvarur

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Thiruvarur 87 Kiliyur 100 Needamangalam 92
Nannilam 84 Nallamangudi 97 Mannargudi 91
Kodavasal 83 Komal 95 Thiruvarur 91
Needamangalam 82 Vilamal 94 Nannilam 89
Thiruthuraipoondi 82 Ammanur 93 Koradacheri 89
Mannargudi 82 Manavalampettai 93 Peralam 89
Valangaiman 79 Agarathirumalam 92 Thiruthuraipoondi 89
Vadasanganthi 92 Kuthanallur 88
Amoor 91 Muthupet 87
Musiriyam 91 Kodavasal 87

Workers profile

Thiruvarur has 43% (about 5.4 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 59% male and 27% female population are working population. 48% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 11% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 17% of total female population are main and 9% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Thiruvarur

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 42.7% 32.6% 10.1% 57.3%
Male 59% 48.1% 10.9% 41%
Female 26.7% 17.4% 9.3% 73.3%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Thiruvarur

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Thillaivilagam 20.8 Kodavasal 15
Idumbavanam 16.2 Nannilam 12.8
Kunnalur 14.4 Muthupet 12.8
Udayamarthandapuram 13.5 Kuthanallur 12.3
Korukkai 13.1 Thiruthuraipoondi 11.9
Jambuvanodai 10.8 Mannargudi 11.6
Rayapuram 9.6 Thiruvarur 10.5
Edaiyur 9.2 Valangaiman 5.5
Asesham 9 Koradacheri 3.9
Serumangalam -I 8.9 Peralam 3.8