Ariyalur District, with population of about 7.5 lakh is Tamil Nadu's the 3rd least populous district, located in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Ariyalur district is 1940 km2 and it is the 4th smallest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 389 persons per km2. There are 3 sub districts in the district, among them Udayarpalayam is the most populous sub district with population of about 3.9 lakh and Sendurai is the least populous sub district with population of about 1.1 lakh.

There are 2 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Jayankondam and Ariyalur Municipalities.

Demographics

The district is home to about 7.5 lakh people, among them about 3.7 lakh (50%) are male and about 3.8 lakh (50%) are female. 75% of the whole population are from general caste, 23% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Ariyalur district is 11%, among them 53% are boys and 47% are girls. There are about 2 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 89% (about 6.7 lakh) live in Ariyalur District rural part and 11% (about 84 thousand) population live in the Ariyalur District urban part. Rural population density of Ariyalur district is 356 and urban population density is 1572 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Ariyalur

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 754,894 567,942 176,230 10,722 81,187
Male 374,703 281,353 88,076 5,274 42,808
Female 380,191 286,589 88,154 5,448 38,379

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Ariyalur

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Udayarpalayam 387194 Vilandai (South) 10381 Jayankondam 33945
Ariyalur 255809 Sendurai 9643 Ariyalur 28902
Sendurai 111891 Valajanagaram 7355 Udayarpalayam 12688
Guruvalapparkovil 6742 Varadarajanpettai 8259
Thirumanur 6520
Elaiyur (West) 6393
Authukurichi 6318
Andimadam 6165
Pappakudi (South) 6133
T.Palur 6100

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 94% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Christians which contribute 5% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1012 in Christians are 1042.

Religion wise population 2011 - Ariyalur

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 754,894 708,397 7,942 37,403 104 88 65 42 853
Male 374,703 352,022 3,821 18,313 52 52 22 20 401
Female 380,191 356,375 4,121 19,090 52 36 43 22 452

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 8.5% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 7 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 9% which is 0.9% higher than male population growth rate of 8.1%. General caste population has increased by 6%; Schedule caste population has increased by 16.5%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 25.7% and child population has decreased by -8.9% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Ariyalur

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 8.5% 6% 16.5% 25.7% -8.9%
Male 8.1% 5.3% 16.9% 24.7% -6.4%
Female 9% 6.7% 16.2% 26.7% -11.5%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1015 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 1019, in schedule caste is 1001 and in schedule tribe is 1033. There are 897 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 9 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 52 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Ariyalur

Total General SC ST Child
Change 9 14 -7 16 -52
2011 1015 1019 1001 1033 897
2001 1006 1005 1008 1017 949

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Ariyalur

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Sendurai 1021 Kovil Esanai (West) 1158 Jayankondam 1031
Ariyalur 1014 Melapalur 1134 Varadarajanpettai 1018
Udayarpalayam 1013 Maruvathur 1133 Udayarpalayam 1017
Poondi 1129 Ariyalur 1014
Kulamanickam (East) 1119
Keezhamaligai 1113
Keelakolathur 1112
Kulamanickam (West) 1110
Kandiratheertham 1102
Varanavasi 1099

Literacy

Total about 4.8 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 2.7 lakh are male and about 2.1 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Ariyalur is 71%. 81% of male and 62% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 7%. Male literacy has gone up by 4% and female literacy rate has gone up by 11%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Ariyalur

Total Male Female
Change 7.2% 4.0% 10.5%
2011 71.3% 81.2% 61.7%
2001 64.1% 77.2% 51.2%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Ariyalur

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Udayarpalayam 72 Kulamanickam (East) 89 Ariyalur 85
Ariyalur 71 Dharmasamudram 88 Jayankondam 80
Sendurai 68 Vilandai (North) 85 Udayarpalayam 79
Thirumazhapadi 84 Varadarajanpettai 78
Kayarlabath 83
Palinganatham 83
Kandiratheertham 81
Andimadam 81
Valaikurichi 81
Angarayanallur (East) 80

Workers profile

Ariyalur has 48% (about 3.6 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 57% male and 39% female population are working population. 46% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 11% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 26% of total female population are main and 13% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Ariyalur

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 47.7% 36.1% 11.6% 52.3%
Male 56.7% 46.2% 10.5% 43.3%
Female 38.7% 26.1% 12.7% 61.3%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Ariyalur

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Arungal 20.6 Jayankondam 28.5
Kuvagam 19.4 Udayarpalayam 12
Managethi 18.9 Ariyalur 7.6
Ottakoil 18 Varadarajanpettai 5.2
Anandavadi 17.1
Karuppur (Senapathy) 17.1
Kulumur 16.3
Paranam 16
Pilakurichi 15.9
Poondi 15.5