Tiruchirappalli District, with population of about 27.2 lakh is Tamil Nadu's the 10th most populous district, located in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Tiruchirappalli district is 4509 km2 and it is the 13th biggest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 604 persons per km2. There are 9 sub districts in the district, among them Tiruchirappalli is the most populous sub district with population of about 8.5 lakh and Thottiyam is the least populous sub district with population of about 1.4 lakh.

There are 4 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Tiruchirappalli Municipal Corporation; Manapparai, Thuvakudi and Thuraiyur Municipalities.

Demographics

The district is home to about 27.2 lakh people, among them about 13.5 lakh (50%) are male and about 13.7 lakh (50%) are female. 82% of the whole population are from general caste, 17% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Tiruchirappalli district is 10%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 7 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 51% (about 13.8 lakh) live in Tiruchirappalli District rural part and 49% (about 13.4 lakh) population live in the Tiruchirappalli District urban part. Rural population density of Tiruchirappalli district is 342 and urban population density is 2870 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Tiruchirappalli

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 2,722,290 2,237,531 466,561 18,198 272,456
Male 1,352,284 1,112,080 230,790 9,414 139,946
Female 1,370,006 1,125,451 235,771 8,784 132,510

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Tiruchirappalli

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Tiruchirappalli 850073 Tholurpatti 13882 Tiruchirappalli 847387
Manapparai 375370 Kannudayanpatti 11667 Manapparai 40510
Lalgudi 254865 Puthanatham 11032 Thuvakudi 38887
Thuraiyur 249327 Pannapatti (East) 10519 Thuraiyur 32439
Musiri 231655 Gundur 10386 Musiri 28727
Thiruverumbur 225517 Pettavathalai 9594 Manachanallur 25931
Srirangam 207494 Adavathur (West) 9561 Pappankurichi 24023
Manachanallur 192869 Talugai 9455 Lalgudi 23740
Thottiyam 135120 Thayanur 9425 Thiruverumbur 23156
Irungalur 9367 Pichandarkovil 17257

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 84% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Christians which contribute 9% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 7% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1008 in Christians are 1050 and in Muslims are 1030.

Religion wise population 2011 - Tiruchirappalli

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 2,722,290 2,279,413 190,964 246,156 324 250 628 253 4,302
Male 1,352,284 1,135,359 94,057 120,093 176 128 323 130 2,018
Female 1,370,006 1,144,054 96,907 126,063 148 122 305 123 2,284

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 12.6% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 24.2 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 13.2% which is 1.3% higher than male population growth rate of 11.9%. General caste population has increased by 11.9%; Schedule caste population has increased by 16.8%; Schedule Tribe population has decreased by -3.8% and child population has increased by 0.9% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Tiruchirappalli

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 12.6% 11.9% 16.8% -3.8% 0.9%
Male 11.9% 11.1% 16.6% -1.9% 1.3%
Female 13.2% 12.7% 17% -5.7% 0.5%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1013 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 1012, in schedule caste is 1022 and in schedule tribe is 933. There are 947 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 12 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 8 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Tiruchirappalli

Total General SC ST Child
Change 12 14 4 -38 -8
2011 1013 1012 1022 933 947
2001 1001 998 1018 971 955

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Tiruchirappalli

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Lalgudi 1038 Amayapuram RF 2000 Pullampadi 1104
Tiruchirappalli 1025 Kovandakurichi 1235 Balakrishnampatti 1054
Thuraiyur 1022 Kottapalayam (East) 1184 S. Kannanur 1050
Srirangam 1009 Mudikandam 1174 Kallakudi 1050
Thottiyam 1009 Keelamarimangalam 1167 Nagamangalam 1043
Manapparai 1008 Sengakaradu RF 1167 Musiri 1038
Manachanallur 1006 Idaiyathumangalam 1161 Sirugamani 1037
Musiri 1001 Malvoy 1156 Thuraiyur 1032
Thiruverumbur 965 Kottapalayam (West) 1124 Puvalur 1025
Saradamangalam 1121 Tiruchirappalli 1025

Literacy

Total about 20.4 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 10.9 lakh are male and about 9.5 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Tiruchirappalli is 83%. 90% of male and 77% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 5%. Male literacy has gone up by 3% and female literacy rate has gone up by 8%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Tiruchirappalli

Total Male Female
Change 5.3% 3.2% 7.6%
2011 83.2% 89.7% 76.9%
2001 77.9% 86.5% 69.3%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Tiruchirappalli

Workers profile

Tiruchirappalli has 45% (about 12.1 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 58% male and 31% female population are working population. 54% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 5% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 26% of total female population are main and 5% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Tiruchirappalli

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 44.6% 39.8% 4.8% 55.4%
Male 58.4% 53.5% 4.8% 41.6%
Female 31% 26.1% 4.9% 69%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Tiruchirappalli

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Vannadu 51.7 Tiruchirappalli 146.9
Sooriyur 31.2 Thottiyam 32
Thenparanadu 28.1 Manapparai 20.9
Kombai 28.1 Kulathur 20.7
Kumaravadi 26.8 Musiri 18.8
Talugai 25.9 Navalpattu 17.1
Veeramachanpatti 23.9 Thuraiyur 14.6
Thinnanur 23.1 Thuvakudi 14.4
Karuppur 21.9 Palaganangudy 13.9
Poonnusangampatti 21.7 Valavandankottai 13.5