The Nilgiris District, with population of about 7.4 lakh is Tamil Nadu's the 2nd least populous district, located in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of The Nilgiris district is 2565 km2 and it is the 6th smallest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 287 persons per km2. There are 6 sub districts in the district, among them Udhagamandalam is the most populous sub district with population of about 1.9 lakh and Kundah is the least populous sub district with population of about 46 thousand.

There are 4 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Udhagamandalam, Gudalur, Coonoor and Nelliyalam Municipalities.

Demographics

The district is home to about 7.4 lakh people, among them about 3.6 lakh (49%) are male and about 3.8 lakh (51%) are female. 63% of the whole population are from general caste, 32% are from schedule caste and 4% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of The Nilgiris district is 9%, among them 50% are boys and 50% are girls. There are about 2 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 59% (about 4.4 lakh) live in The Nilgiris District urban part and 41% (about 3 lakh) population live in the The Nilgiris District rural part. Rural population density of The Nilgiris district is 151 and urban population density is 748 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - The Nilgiris

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 735,394 466,703 235,878 32,813 66,799
Male 360,143 228,135 115,917 16,091 33,648
Female 375,251 238,568 119,961 16,722 33,151

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in The Nilgiris

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Udhagamandalam 191960 Cherangode 33506 Udhagamandalam 88430
Coonoor 157744 Nelliyalam 21836 Gudalur 49535
Panthalur 125931 Erumad 15695 Coonoor 45494
Kotagiri 108684 Balacola 13622 Nelliyalam 44590
Gudalur 104768 Melur 13244 Kotagiri 28207
Kundah 46307 Nedugula 13071 Devarshola 24954
Nanjanad 13007 Kethi 23229
Kagguchi 10986 O' Valley 21943
Munnanad 10304 Wellington 19462
Naduhatty 10278 Jagathala 14383

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 77% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Christians which contribute 12% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 11% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1034 in Christians are 1084 and in Muslims are 1055.

Religion wise population 2011 - The Nilgiris

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 735,394 569,477 78,452 84,610 338 382 910 87 1,138
Male 360,143 279,922 38,185 40,603 184 181 467 42 559
Female 375,251 289,555 40,267 44,007 154 201 443 45 579

Growth of population

Population of the district has decreased by -3.5% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 7.6 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is -2.2% which is 2.6% higher than male population growth rate of -4.8%. General caste population has decreased by -5.9%; Schedule caste population has decreased by -0.9%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 15.6% and child population has decreased by -22.2% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - The Nilgiris

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total -3.5% -5.9% -0.9% 15.6% -22.2%
Male -4.8% -7.5% -1.6% 14.8% -22.4%
Female -2.2% -4.3% -0.2% 16.5% -22%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1042 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 1046, in schedule caste is 1035 and in schedule tribe is 1039. There are 985 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 28 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 6 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - The Nilgiris

Total General SC ST Child
Change 28 35 14 14 6
2011 1042 1046 1035 1039 985
2001 1014 1011 1021 1025 979

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in The Nilgiris

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Kundah 1073 Nandipuram 1234 Jagathala 1083
Kotagiri 1064 Kinnakkorai 1159 Adikaratti 1078
Udhagamandalam 1049 Yedappalli 1137 Kilkunda 1076
Panthalur 1043 Kotagiri 1118 Bikketti 1076
Gudalur 1034 Kagguchi 1111 Kotagiri 1073
Coonoor 1014 Balacola 1091 Hubbathala 1073
Mudumalai 1089 Coonoor 1058
Thummanatti 1084 O' Valley 1056
Kadanad 1079 Udhagamandalam 1053
Naduhatty 1078 Sholur 1052

Literacy

Total about 5.7 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 3 lakh are male and about 2.7 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of The Nilgiris is 85%. 92% of male and 79% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 5%. Male literacy has gone up by 3% and female literacy rate has gone up by 7%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - The Nilgiris

Total Male Female
Change 5.2% 3.2% 7.4%
2011 85.2% 91.7% 79%
2001 80% 88.5% 71.6%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in The Nilgiris

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Coonoor 88 Erumad 87 Aravankad (TS) 96
Panthalur 87 Cherangode 87 Wellington 94
Gudalur 87 Nelliyalam 87 Coonoor 92
Kundah 83 Balacola 86 Udhagamandalam 90
Kotagiri 83 Coonoor 84 Gudalur 89
Udhagamandalam 83 Hallimoyar 84 Jagathala 89
Konakarai 84 Kethi 88
Munnanad 84 Hubbathala 88
Denad 83 Nelliyalam 87
Srimadurai 83 Kotagiri 87

Workers profile

The Nilgiris has 48% (about 3.5 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 59% male and 37% female population are working population. 54% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 5% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 33% of total female population are main and 4% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - The Nilgiris

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 47.6% 43.4% 4.2% 52.4%
Male 58.9% 54.2% 4.7% 41.1%
Female 36.7% 32.9% 3.8% 63.3%

Biggest Villages and Cities in The Nilgiris

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Mudumalai 188.6 O' Valley 103.6
Mulligoor 170.1 Nelliyalam 94.3
Masinagudi 134.1 Naduvattam 61.7
Nanjanad 130.6 Gudalur 47.7
Kadanad 121.5 Sholur 35.8
Hallimoyar 82.4 Devarshola 35
Cherangode 74.9 Kotagiri 30.9
Ebbanad 64.2 Udhagamandalam 30.7
Kukkal 62.5 Kilkunda 26.2
Nelliyalam 47.7 Huligal 22