Salem District, with population of about 34.8 lakh is Tamil Nadu's the 5th most populous district, located in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Salem district is 5237 km2 and it is the 7th biggest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 665 persons per km2. There are 9 sub districts in the district, among them Salem is the most populous sub district with population of about 12.7 lakh and Yercaud is the least populous sub district with population of about 42 thousand.

There are 5 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Salem Municipal Corporation; Attur, Edappadi, Mettur and Narasingapuram Municipalities.

Demographics

The district is home to about 34.8 lakh people, among them about 17.8 lakh (51%) are male and about 17 lakh (49%) are female. 80% of the whole population are from general caste, 17% are from schedule caste and 3% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Salem district is 10%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 9.2 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 51% (about 17.7 lakh) live in Salem District urban part and 49% (about 17.1 lakh) population live in the Salem District rural part. Rural population density of Salem district is 374 and urban population density is 2626 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Salem

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 3,482,056 2,782,175 580,512 119,369 344,960
Male 1,781,571 1,427,020 294,062 60,489 180,002
Female 1,700,485 1,355,155 286,450 58,880 164,958

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Salem

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Salem 1272743 Kaveripuram 21306 Salem 829267
Omalur 494355 Desavilakku 19188 Attur 61793
Attur 430949 Gonur 18766 Edappadi 54823
Mettur 419887 Soorappalli 15660 Mettur 52813
Sankari 241783 Kanjanayakanpatti 15611 Edaganasalai 33245
Edappadi 223756 Chittur 14466 Tharamangalam 30222
Vazhapadi 195412 Muthunaickenpatti 13192 Sankari 29467
Gangavalli 161302 Idupali 13152 Mecheri 25676
Yercaud 41869 Vellalapuram 13143 P.N.Patti 25133
Tumbipadi 12515 Narasingapuram 23084

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 96% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 3% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 952 in Muslims are 1007.

Religion wise population 2011 - Salem

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 3,482,056 3,326,357 95,487 53,841 412 174 992 246 4,547
Male 1,781,571 1,704,451 47,581 26,134 235 94 516 132 2,428
Female 1,700,485 1,621,906 47,906 27,707 177 80 476 114 2,119

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 15.4% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 30.2 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 17.1% which is 3.2% higher than male population growth rate of 13.9%. General caste population has increased by 14.2%; Schedule caste population has increased by 22%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 14.9% and child population has decreased by -2% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Salem

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 15.4% 14.2% 22% 14.9% -2%
Male 13.9% 12.7% 20.3% 14.8% -5.3%
Female 17.1% 15.8% 23.8% 14.9% 2%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 954 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 950, in schedule caste is 974 and in schedule tribe is 973. There are 916 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 25 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 65 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Salem

Total General SC ST Child
Change 25 26 27 1 65
2011 954 950 974 973 916
2001 929 924 947 972 851

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Salem

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Gangavalli 999 Kilavarai 2056 Gangavalli 1034
Yercaud 987 Aramanaikadu 1353 Omalur 1030
Attur 985 Arasamanathur 1333 Veeraganur ( 1026
Vazhapadi 980 Sungidivarathampatti 1200 Sentharapatti 1025
Salem 974 Pallikkadu 1188 Mallur 1021
Sankari 930 Olaipadi 1162 Attur 1021
Mettur 922 Elavadi 1150 Mettur 1016
Edappadi 917 Veppampatti 1145 Pethanaickenpalayam 1016
Omalur 909 Arangam 1143 Ayothiapattinam 1011
Jambuthumalai 1105 Panaimarathupatti 1009

Literacy

Total about 22.9 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 12.9 lakh are male and about 10 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Salem is 73%. 80% of male and 65% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 8%. Male literacy has gone up by 6% and female literacy rate has gone up by 10%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Salem

Total Male Female
Change 7.8% 5.8% 10.0%
2011 72.9% 80.2% 65.2%
2001 65.1% 74.4% 55.2%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Salem

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Salem 80 Mundachedu 91 Veerakkalpudur 87
Vazhapadi 73 Deviakkurichi 86 Kottagoundampatty 86
Attur 73 Avarangampalayam 86 Omalur 85
Gangavalli 72 Olaipadi 86 Salem 84
Mettur 70 Rangappanaickenpalayam 84 Ethapur 84
Sankari 68 Belurkaradipatti 83 Ilampillai 84
Omalur 66 Mudakkupatty 83 Mettur 84
Edappadi 63 Pinnanur 82 Maramangalathupatti 83
Yercaud 61 Muttal 81 Yercaud 83
Akkichettipalayam 80 Attur 83

Workers profile

Salem has 49% (about 16.9 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 61% male and 36% female population are working population. 57% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 3% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 32% of total female population are main and 4% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Salem

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 48.7% 44.8% 3.8% 51.3%
Male 60.8% 57.4% 3.4% 39.2%
Female 35.9% 31.7% 4.2% 64.1%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Salem

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Kaveripuram 53.3 Salem 91.3
Thinnappatti 51.6 P.N.Patti 39.4
ChinnakalrayanHillsvadakkunadu 48 Arasiramani 28.6
Devanakavandanur 45.4 Edappadi 28.2
Neyyamalai 45.2 Attur 27.6
Paithur 43.4 Edaganasalai 24
ChinnakalrayanHillsTherkkunadu 40.7 Sankari 19.2
Nagalur RF 39.8 Keeripatti 16
Gonur 35.7 Narasingapuram 14.8
Alamarathupatti 34.6 Mettur 14.6