Viluppuram District, with population of about 34.6 lakh is Tamil Nadu's the 6th most populous district, located in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Viluppuram district is 7194 km2 and it is the biggest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 481 persons per km2. There are 8 sub districts in the district, among them Viluppuram is the most populous sub district with population of about 7 lakh and Vanur is the least populous sub district with population of about 2 lakh.

There are 3 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Viluppuram, Tindivanam and Kallakkurichi Municipalities.

Demographics

The district is home to about 34.6 lakh people, among them about 17.4 lakh (50%) are male and about 17.2 lakh (50%) are female. 68% of the whole population are from general caste, 29% are from schedule caste and 2% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Viluppuram district is 12%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 8 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 85% (about 29.4 lakh) live in Viluppuram District rural part and 15% (about 5.2 lakh) population live in the Viluppuram District urban part. Rural population density of Viluppuram district is 420 and urban population density is 2578 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Viluppuram

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 3,458,873 2,368,298 1,015,716 74,859 404,106
Male 1,740,819 1,192,380 510,869 37,570 208,246
Female 1,718,054 1,175,918 504,847 37,289 195,860

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Viluppuram

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Viluppuram 697569 Pidagam 10961 Viluppuram 96253
Kallakkurichi 466136 Sendamangalam 10128 Tindivanam 72796
Tindivanam 446682 Sirpanandal 9887 Kallakkurichi 52507
Tirukkoyilur 446531 Panampattu 8912 Kottakuppam 31726
Gingee 423942 Karadichittur 8902 Tirukkoyilur 30212
Sankarapuram 407970 Eraiyur 8826 Gingee 27045
Ulundurpettai 373621 Valudureddi 8715 Chinnasalem 25106
Vanur 196422 Avalurpet 8578 Ulundurpettai 23734
Kilpudupatti 8372 Vadakkanandal 23034
Bommayapalayam 8266 Marakkanam 22034

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 92% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Christians which contribute 4% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 4% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 985 in Christians are 1006 and in Muslims are 1018.

Religion wise population 2011 - Viluppuram

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 3,458,873 3,174,941 133,896 138,279 325 238 4,032 278 6,884
Male 1,740,819 1,599,867 66,343 68,929 165 119 2,003 144 3,249
Female 1,718,054 1,575,074 67,553 69,350 160 119 2,029 134 3,635

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 16.8% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 29.6 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 17% which is 0.4% higher than male population growth rate of 16.6%. General caste population has increased by 13.6%; Schedule caste population has increased by 25.3%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 17.1% and child population has increased by 8.3% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Viluppuram

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 16.8% 13.6% 25.3% 17.1% 8.3%
Male 16.6% 13.4% 25.1% 16.3% 9.5%
Female 17% 13.8% 25.4% 17.9% 7.1%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 987 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 986, in schedule caste is 988 and in schedule tribe is 993. There are 941 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 3 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 20 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Viluppuram

Total General SC ST Child
Change 3 3 2 14 -20
2011 987 986 988 993 941
2001 984 983 986 979 961

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Viluppuram

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Tindivanam 998 Pullur 1357 Chinnasalem 1043
Viluppuram 996 Sundaravandi 1330 Kottakuppam 1022
Vanur 988 Errambattu 1210 Viluppuram 1019
Gingee 986 Gurupeedapuram 1191 Tirukkoyilur 1007
Kallakkurichi 985 Peddureddikuppam 1186 Sankarapuram 1004
Ulundurpettai 981 Maniyampattu 1182 Manalurpet 1003
Sankarapuram 980 Puthamangalam 1172 Valavanur 1003
Tirukkoyilur 975 Madavantangal 1155 Tindivanam 1003
Mattaparai 1152 Marakkanam 1003
Chinnavalavanur 1152 Thiagadurgam 998

Literacy

Total about 22 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 12.3 lakh are male and about 9.6 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Viluppuram is 72%. 81% of male and 63% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 8%. Male literacy has gone up by 6% and female literacy rate has gone up by 11%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Viluppuram

Total Male Female
Change 8.1% 5.4% 10.8%
2011 71.9% 80.5% 63.2%
2001 63.8% 75.1% 52.4%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Viluppuram

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Viluppuram 77 Alwarmalai R.F. 99 Salamedu 91
Vanur 76 Mavanandal 98 Viluppuram 90
Tindivanam 75 Urani 98 Tindivanam 87
Gingee 72 Mangkkuppam 94 Tirukkoyilur 87
Kallakkurichi 71 Odaiyanandal 93 Kallakkurichi 86
Tirukkoyilur 69 Sivapattinam 93 Valavanur 86
Ulundurpettai 68 Sandisakshi 92 Gingee 86
Sankarapuram 64 Kanankadu R.F. 92 Arakandanallur 85
Padarampallam(I) 91 Vikravandi 85
Kaliingamalai 91 Ulundurpettai 82

Workers profile

Viluppuram has 49% (about 17 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 58% male and 40% female population are working population. 46% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 12% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 26% of total female population are main and 13% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Viluppuram

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 49.2% 36.5% 12.8% 50.8%
Male 58.4% 46.3% 12.1% 41.6%
Female 39.9% 26.4% 13.5% 60.1%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Viluppuram

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Thagarai R.F. 48.2 Marakkanam 37.1
Alwarmalai R.F. 35.6 Tindivanam 22.3
Nadukuppam 29.8 Vadakkanandal 11.8
Karuvelampadi(P) 21.8 Kallakkurichi 11.7
Moolakkadu 21.5 Gingee 11.7
Kandadu 21.4 Thiagadurgam 11.7
Padur 21.2 Sankarapuram 11.6
Kurmbalur 20.2 Ananthapuram 10.8
Mundiyur 20 Kottakuppam 9.6
Varam (P) 19.5 Salamedu 8.4