Tiruvannamalai District, with population of about 24.6 lakh is Tamil Nadu's the 13th most populous district, located in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Tiruvannamalai district is 6188 km2 and it is the 3rd biggest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 398 persons per km2. There are 7 sub districts in the district, among them Tiruvannamalai is the most populous sub district with population of about 5.8 lakh and THANDRAMPET is the least populous sub district with population of about 1.8 lakh.

There are 4 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Tiruvannamalai, Arani, Tiruvethipuram and Vandavasi Municipalities.

Demographics

The district is home to about 24.6 lakh people, among them about 12.4 lakh (50%) are male and about 12.3 lakh (50%) are female. 73% of the whole population are from general caste, 23% are from schedule caste and 4% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Tiruvannamalai district is 11%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 5.9 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 80% (about 19.7 lakh) live in Tiruvannamalai District rural part and 20% (about 4.9 lakh) population live in the Tiruvannamalai District urban part. Rural population density of Tiruvannamalai district is 328 and urban population density is 2839 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Tiruvannamalai

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 2,464,875 1,808,592 565,329 90,954 272,569
Male 1,235,889 907,318 282,615 45,956 141,205
Female 1,228,986 901,274 282,714 44,998 131,364

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Tiruvannamalai

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Tiruvannamalai 581836 Padavedu 15163 Tiruvannamalai 145278
Polur 449860 Perungolathur 13119 Arani 63671
Cheyyar 338612 Kovilur 12553 Tiruvethipuram 37802
Vandavasi 336121 Thanipadi 10294 Vandavasi 31320
Arani 294976 Kadalady 10093 Polur 28123
Chengam 283917 Paramanandal 9920 Chengam 26980
THANDRAMPET 179553 Mangalam 9405 Chetpet 19827
Sathanur 8749 Vengikkal 18244
Velapadi 8655 Vettavalam 15506
Kattukanallur 8458 Kalambur 14304

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 93% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 4% of the total population and Christians are the third largest religious community here with 3% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 992 in Muslims are 1010 and in Christians are 1035.

Religion wise population 2011 - Tiruvannamalai

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 2,464,875 2,294,369 91,636 66,987 232 157 7,898 110 3,486
Male 1,235,889 1,151,551 45,583 32,917 122 83 3,951 54 1,628
Female 1,228,986 1,142,818 46,053 34,070 110 74 3,947 56 1,858

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 12.8% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 21.9 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 12.7% which is -0.1% lower than male population growth rate of 12.8%. General caste population has increased by 9.9%; Schedule caste population has increased by 20.9%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 25% and child population has increased by 4.3% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Tiruvannamalai

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 12.8% 9.9% 20.9% 25% 4.3%
Male 12.8% 9.9% 21% 24.4% 5.3%
Female 12.7% 9.8% 20.8% 25.6% 3.3%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 994 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 993, in schedule caste is 1000 and in schedule tribe is 979. There are 930 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has decreased by 1 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 18 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Tiruvannamalai

Total General SC ST Child
Change -1 -1 -2 9 -18
2011 994 993 1000 979 930
2001 995 994 1002 970 948

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Tiruvannamalai

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Arani 1009 Thenmathur 1515 Desur 1047
Vandavasi 1002 Kannamadai RF (Portion) 1400 Kannamangalam 1038
Polur 997 Melkovalavedu 1286 Arani 1036
Cheyyar 994 Jambukonambut 1239 Pudupalayam 1030
THANDRAMPET 992 Abbunaickenpalayam 1212 Chetpet 1029
Tiruvannamalai 991 Vadugamangalam 1200 Polur 1029
Chengam 974 Erukambattu 1195 Paiyur 1029
Mangalam 1152 Vettavalam 1019
Thalikkal 1143 Peranamallur 1016
Thiruppanangadu 1141 Tiruvethipuram 1014

Literacy

Total about 16.3 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 9.1 lakh are male and about 7.2 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Tiruvannamalai is 74%. 83% of male and 65% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 7%. Male literacy has gone up by 4% and female literacy rate has gone up by 9%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Tiruvannamalai

Total Male Female
Change 6.8% 3.9% 9.7%
2011 74.2% 83.1% 65.3%
2001 67.4% 79.2% 55.6%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Tiruvannamalai

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Arani 79 Kannamadai RF (Portion) 100 Vengikkal 90
Tiruvannamalai 78 Anukkumalai 95 Kilpudupakkam 90
Cheyyar 76 Ariyur 95 Tiruvannamalai 88
Vandavasi 75 Abdullapuram 94 Vandavasi 87
Polur 72 Hasanamapettai 93 Arani 85
Chengam 68 Sattuvanthangal 93 Tiruvethipuram 85
THANDRAMPET 67 Chinnakangiyanur 93 Mullipattu 84
Manjampundi 92 Kannamangalam 84
Poondi 91 Chetpet 83
Melchengam RF 91 Desur 83

Workers profile

Tiruvannamalai has 50% (about 12.4 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 60% male and 41% female population are working population. 50% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 10% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 29% of total female population are main and 12% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Tiruvannamalai

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 50.2% 39.4% 10.9% 49.8%
Male 59.8% 50.1% 9.7% 40.2%
Female 40.6% 28.5% 12.1% 59.4%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Tiruvannamalai

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Kovilur 36.8 Peranamallur 15.5
Sirumur 23.3 Tiruvannamalai 13.6
Mangalam 22.2 Polur 12.6
Padavedu 21.8 Kilpennathur 12.4
Perungolathur 21.6 Arani 11.6
Puduchekkadi 19.4 Tiruvethipuram 10.8
Natteri 19.3 Vandavasi 9.7
Marudhadu 18.6 Devikapuram 8.6
Nammiyampattu 17.4 Chengam 8
Kasthambady 17.2 Vettavalam 8