Kollam District, with population of about 26.4 lakh is Kerala's the 8th least populous district, located in the state Kerala in India. Total geographical area of Kollam district is 2483 km2 and it is the 7th smallest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 1061 persons per km2. There are 5 sub districts in the district, among them Kollam is the most populous sub district with population of about 9.9 lakh and Kunnathur is the least populous sub district with population of about 2 lakh.

There are 4 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Kollam Municipal Corporation and Out Growth; Kollam Municipal Corporation; Punalur and Paravoor Municipalities.

Demographics

The district is home to about 26.4 lakh people, among them about 12.5 lakh (47%) are male and about 13.9 lakh (53%) are female. 87% of the whole population are from general caste, 12% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Kollam district is 10%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 6.7 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 55% (about 14.5 lakh) live in Kollam District rural part and 45% (about 11.9 lakh) population live in the Kollam District urban part. Rural population density of Kollam district is 701 and urban population density is 2852 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Kollam

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 2,635,375 2,296,351 328,263 10,761 254,260
Male 1,246,968 1,083,972 157,801 5,195 128,899
Female 1,388,407 1,212,379 170,462 5,566 125,361

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Kollam

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Kollam 987779 Thevalakkara 42977 Kollam 367107
Kottarakkara 586434 Mynagappally 41027 Kollam 348657
Pathanapuram 432904 Mulavana 35887 Punalur 46702
Karunagappally 428802 Sasthamkotta 33285 Kottamkara 44402
Kunnathur 199456 Anchal 33088 Chavara 42655
Vilakkudy 32995 Thrikkovilvattom 41609
Pathanapuram 32339 Mayyanad 40039
Kadakkal 30719 Thrikkadavoor 39285
Kareepra 30099 Thazhuthala 37517
Parippally 29371 Paravoor 37245

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 64% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 19% of the total population and Christians are the third largest religious community here with 16% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1108 in Muslims are 1130 and in Christians are 1115.

Religion wise population 2011 - Kollam

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 2,635,375 1,697,635 508,500 421,598 208 272 63 619 6,480
Male 1,246,968 805,185 238,719 199,318 106 126 31 315 3,168
Female 1,388,407 892,450 269,781 222,280 102 146 32 304 3,312

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 1.9% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 25.9 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 4% which is 4.2% higher than male population growth rate of -0.2%. General caste population has increased by 1.7%; Schedule caste population has increased by 1.7%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 107.3% and child population has decreased by -13.1% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Kollam

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 1.9% 1.7% 1.7% 107.3% -13.1%
Male -0.2% -0.6% 0.6% 112.3% -13.6%
Female 4% 3.9% 2.7% 102.9% -12.5%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1113 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 1118, in schedule caste is 1080 and in schedule tribe is 1071. There are 973 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 44 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 13 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Kollam

Total General SC ST Child
Change 44 48 22 -50 13
2011 1113 1118 1080 1071 973
2001 1069 1070 1058 1121 960

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Kollam

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Kottarakkara 1139 Kummil 1202 Poothakkulam 1218
Pathanapuram 1125 Chadayamangalam 1194 Paravoor 1207
Kunnathur 1103 Nilamel 1183 Adichanalloor 1169
Kollam 1101 Kadakkal 1177 Oachira 1162
Karunagappally 1099 Parippally 1171 Meenad 1156
Chirakkara 1166 Kulasekharapuram 1120
Ittiva 1162 Punalur 1119
Chithara 1161 Mayyanad 1118
Pattazhy 1159 Kottarakkara 1116
Channappetta 1159 Thrikkaruva 1104

Literacy

Total about 22.4 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 10.7 lakh are male and about 11.7 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Kollam is 94%. 96% of male and 92% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 3%. Male literacy has gone up by 2% and female literacy rate has gone up by 4%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Kollam

Total Male Female
Change 2.9% 1.7% 4.1%
2011 94.1% 96.1% 92.3%
2001 91.2% 94.4% 88.2%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Kollam

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Kottarakkara 94 Valacode 100 Kottarakkara 96
Kunnathur 94 Puthur 97 Karunagappally 95
Kollam 94 Odanavattam 97 Chavara 95
Karunagappally 94 Neduvathoor 97 Mayyanad 95
Pathanapuram 94 Ezhukone 96 Oachira 95
Mundrothuruth 96 Meenad 95
Pidavoor 96 Panayam 95
Sasthamkotta 96 Thrikkadavoor 95
Paravoor 96 Perinad 95
Mulavana 96 Kollam 94

Workers profile

Kollam has 35% (about 9.1 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 52% male and 19% female population are working population. 41% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 11% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 13% of total female population are main and 6% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Kollam

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 34.6% 26.4% 8.2% 65.4%
Male 51.7% 40.9% 10.8% 48.3%
Female 19.3% 13.4% 5.9% 80.7%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Kollam

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Kulathupuzha 335.2 Kollam 57.5
Arienkavu 157.4 Punalur 34.4
Thenmala 137.6 Thrikkaruva 18.4
Thinkalkarikkakom 89 Kottarakkara 17.4
Piravanthur 69.1 Adichanalloor 16.9
Punnala 60.9 Meenad 16.8
Edamon 56.9 Poothakkulam 16.3
Chithara 33.6 Paravoor 16.2
Elamad 30.2 Thrikkadavoor 14.9
Kadakkal 29.5 Mayyanad 14.8