Jharsuguda District, with population of about 5.8 lakh is Odisha's the 4th least populous district, located in the state Odisha in India. Total geographical area of Jharsuguda district is 2114 km2 and it is the 2nd smallest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 274 persons per km2. There are 10 sub districts in the district, among them Jharsuguda is the most populous sub district with population of about 1.2 lakh and Brajarajnagar is the least populous sub district with population of about 26 thousand.

There are 3 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Jharsuguda, Brajarajnagar and Belpahar Municipalities.

Demographics

The district is home to about 5.8 lakh people, among them about 3 lakh (51%) are male and about 2.8 lakh (49%) are female. 51% of the whole population are from general caste, 18% are from schedule caste and 31% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Jharsuguda district is 11%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 1.4 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 60% (about 3.5 lakh) live in Jharsuguda District rural part and 40% (about 2.3 lakh) population live in the Jharsuguda District urban part. Rural population density of Jharsuguda district is 178 and urban population density is 1458 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Jharsuguda

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 579,505 298,127 104,620 176,758 64,794
Male 296,690 155,837 52,580 88,273 33,341
Female 282,815 142,290 52,040 88,485 31,453

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Jharsuguda

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Jharsuguda 122817 Hansamurakatapali 4969 Jharsuguda 97730
Laikera 99157 Hirma 4369 Brajarajnagar 80403
Orient 80706 Arda 4357 Belpahar 38993
Rengali 60136 Kirmira 4220 Bandhbahal 9735
Banaharapali 44039 Samasingha 3692 Bundia 4304
Belpahar 42637 Sodamal 3528
Kolabira 41735 Niktimal 3500
Lakhanpur 34228 Kudaloi 3374
Badmal 27566 Kandheikela 3227
Brajarajnagar 26484 Lakhanpur 3212

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 96% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 2% of the total population and Christians are the third largest religious community here with 2% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 953 in Muslims are 837 and in Christians are 1146.

Religion wise population 2011 - Jharsuguda

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 579,505 553,587 12,783 10,462 1,441 80 70 67 1,015
Male 296,690 283,460 6,959 4,874 763 41 39 33 521
Female 282,815 270,127 5,824 5,588 678 39 31 34 494

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 13.7% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 5.1 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 14.1% which is 0.8% higher than male population growth rate of 13.3%. General caste population has increased by 13.4%; Schedule caste population has increased by 20.2%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 10.6% and child population has decreased by -3.1% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Jharsuguda

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 13.7% 13.4% 20.2% 10.6% -3.1%
Male 13.3% 13.5% 19.7% 9.3% -2.8%
Female 14.1% 13.2% 20.8% 12% -3.4%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 953 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 913, in schedule caste is 990 and in schedule tribe is 1002. There are 943 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 7 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 6 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Jharsuguda

Total General SC ST Child
Change 7 -3 10 24 -6
2011 953 913 990 1002 943
2001 946 916 980 978 949

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Jharsuguda

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Laikera 1000 Khuntmahul 2000 Brajarajnagar 922
Kolabira 998 Kuanrmal 1563 Belpahar 921
Lakhanpur 993 Ujalpur 1236 Jharsuguda 919
Rengali 974 Bhalupatra 1210 Bundia 897
Brajarajnagar 963 Baddhuriam 1186 Bandhbahal 875
Banaharapali 943 Khontamal 1173
Jharsuguda 930 Jammal(Kulta) 1173
Belpahar 929 Luhurenkachhar 1158
Orient 921 Ghusuramunda 1147
Badmal 877 Dudukabahal 1143

Literacy

Total about 4.1 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 2.3 lakh are male and about 1.8 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Jharsuguda is 79%. 87% of male and 71% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 8%. Male literacy has gone up by 5% and female literacy rate has gone up by 13%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Jharsuguda

Total Male Female
Change 8.2% 4.4% 12.2%
2011 78.9% 86.6% 70.7%
2001 70.7% 82.2% 58.5%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Jharsuguda

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Jharsuguda 84 Rengali 94 Bandhbahal 91
Orient 82 Panchgaon 91 Jharsuguda 85
Belpahar 82 Nuadihi 89 Bundia 84
Banaharapali 82 Beherapali 89 Belpahar 83
Rengali 78 Baliput 89 Brajarajnagar 82
Badmal 78 Gudiali 89
Lakhanpur 76 Jhargaon(a) 88
Brajarajnagar 75 Binika 88
Laikera 73 Banjipali 88
Kolabira 73 Halkadhipa 88

Workers profile

Jharsuguda has 43% (about 2.5 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 58% male and 27% female population are working population. 46% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 12% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 12% of total female population are main and 15% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Jharsuguda

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 42.7% 29.7% 13.1% 57.3%
Male 58% 46.4% 11.6% 42%
Female 26.8% 12.2% 14.6% 73.2%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Jharsuguda

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Rampela 28.7 Jharsuguda 70.5
Sripura 23.9 Belpahar 41.7
Sodamal 23.3 Brajarajnagar 41.4
Niktimal 21.4 Bandhbahal 5
Arda 20.5 Bundia 2.3
Naksapali 18.1
Lakhanpur 16.5
Ramela 15.6
Remda 15.3
Samasingha 14.9