South Twenty Four Parganas District Rural Part, with population of about 60.7 lakh is West Bengal's the most rural populous district, located in the state West Bengal in India. Total geographical area of South Twenty Four Parganas district rural part is 9541 km2 and it is the biggest rural district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 637 persons per km2. There are 29 sub districts in the district, among them Patharpratima Rural is the most populous sub district with rural population of about 3.3 lakh and Budge Budge - I Rural is the least populous sub district with rural population of about 30 thousand.

There are 7 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Maheshtala, Rajpur Sonarpur, Budge Budge, Baruipur and Diamond Harbour Municipalities (limited to 5 most populous).

Demographics

The district is home to about 60.7 lakh people, among them about 31.1 lakh (51%) are male and about 29.6 lakh (49%) are female. 65% of the whole population are from general caste, 34% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of South Twenty Four Parganas district rural part is 13%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 13 lakh households in the district and an average 5 persons live in every family.

Rural population density of South Twenty Four Parganas district rural part is 637 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - South Twenty Four Parganas

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 6,074,188 3,922,002 2,062,297 89,889 806,415
Male 3,109,219 2,002,341 1,061,324 45,554 410,498
Female 2,964,969 1,919,661 1,000,973 44,335 395,917

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 63% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 36% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 945 in Muslims are 967.

Religion wise population 2011 - South Twenty Four Parganas

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 6,074,188 3,807,699 2,187,661 54,978 1,055 772 574 5,780 15,669
Male 3,109,219 1,957,582 1,111,970 27,783 515 381 294 2,875 7,819
Female 2,964,969 1,850,117 1,075,691 27,195 540 391 280 2,905 7,850

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 4.4% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 58.2 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 5% which is 1.3% higher than male population growth rate of 3.7%. General caste population has increased by 5.9%; Schedule caste population has increased by 1.1%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 13.5% and child population has decreased by -13.4% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - South Twenty Four Parganas

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 4.4% 5.9% 1.1% 13.5% -13.4%
Male 3.7% 5.1% 0.8% 13.2% -13.3%
Female 5% 6.8% 1.5% 13.8% -13.4%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 954 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 959, in schedule caste is 943 and in schedule tribe is 973. There are 964 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 12 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 1 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - South Twenty Four Parganas

Total General SC ST Child
Change 12 15 6 4 -1
2011 954 959 943 973 964
2001 942 944 937 969 965

Literacy

Total about 39.9 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 22.2 lakh are male and about 17.7 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of South Twenty Four Parganas is 76%. 82% of male and 69% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 9%. Male literacy has gone up by 4% and female literacy rate has gone up by 13%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - South Twenty Four Parganas

Total Male Female
Change 8.3% 4.2% 12.8%
2011 75.7% 82.1% 68.9%
2001 67.4% 77.9% 56.1%

Workers profile

South Twenty Four Parganas has 36% (about 22 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 56% male and 16% female population are working population. 39% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 17% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 6% of total female population are main and 10% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - South Twenty Four Parganas

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 36.3% 22.9% 13.3% 63.7%
Male 56.1% 39.5% 16.6% 43.9%
Female 15.5% 5.6% 9.9% 84.5%