Birbhum District, with population of about 35 lakh is West Bengal's the 7th least populous district, located in the state West Bengal in India. Total geographical area of Birbhum district is 4545 km2 and it is the 9th biggest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 771 persons per km2. There are 19 sub districts in the district, among them Murarai - II is the most populous sub district with population of about 2.2 lakh and Rajnagar is the least populous sub district with population of about 78 thousand.

There are 6 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Bolpur, Suri, Rampurhat, Sainthia and Nalhati Municipalities (limited to 5 most populous).

Demographics

The district is home to about 35 lakh people, among them about 17.9 lakh (51%) are male and about 17.1 lakh (49%) are female. 64% of the whole population are from general caste, 29% are from schedule caste and 7% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Birbhum district is 13%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 8.2 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 87% (about 30.5 lakh) live in Birbhum District rural part and 13% (about 4.5 lakh) population live in the Birbhum District urban part. Rural population density of Birbhum district is 690 and urban population density is 3732 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Birbhum

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 3,502,404 2,226,780 1,033,140 242,484 448,485
Male 1,790,920 1,142,132 529,001 119,787 228,909
Female 1,711,484 1,084,648 504,139 122,697 219,576

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Birbhum

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Murarai - II 222033 Margram 30055 Bolpur 80210
Nanoor 218654 Mitrapur 15452 Suri 67864
Nalhati - I 204818 Jeshtha Bhabanipur 15154 Rampurhat 57833
Bolpur Sriniketan 202553 Bara 14450 Sainthia 44601
Labpur 201901 Kaytha 13154 Nalhati 41534
Sainthia 195349 Paikar 12250 Dubrajpur 38041
Murarai - I 190802 Mayureswar 11142 Rajnagar 13965
Rampurhat - I 188435 Danrka 10897 Surul 12160
Rampurhat - II 187823 Barra 10798 Ambhua 10477
Dubrajpur 181437 Rudranagar 10756 Karidhya 10466

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 62% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 37% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 955 in Muslims are 955.

Religion wise population 2011 - Birbhum

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 3,502,404 2,181,515 1,298,054 10,906 582 258 1,152 6,051 3,886
Male 1,790,920 1,115,664 663,930 5,314 318 139 599 2,972 1,984
Female 1,711,484 1,065,851 634,124 5,592 264 119 553 3,079 1,902

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 16.1% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 30.2 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 16.5% which is 0.7% higher than male population growth rate of 15.8%. General caste population has increased by 15.8%; Schedule caste population has increased by 16.1%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 19.4% and child population has decreased by -8.1% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Birbhum

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 16.1% 15.8% 16.1% 19.4% -8.1%
Male 15.8% 15.6% 15.8% 17.6% -7.9%
Female 16.5% 16.1% 16.4% 21.1% -8.4%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 956 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 950, in schedule caste is 953 and in schedule tribe is 1024. There are 959 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 6 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 5 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Birbhum

Total General SC ST Child
Change 6 4 5 29 -5
2011 956 950 953 1024 959
2001 950 946 948 995 964

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Birbhum

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Bolpur Sriniketan 972 Shalki 2143 Surul 1027
Mohammad Bazar 969 Chak Mukunda 2000 Bolpur 982
Murarai - II 965 Fakirdas 1800 Ambhua 977
Rampurhat - I 963 Bilhera 1667 Ahmadpur 968
Nalhati - II 962 Simulia 1550 Dubrajpur 967
Mayureswar - I 961 Mandarpur 1471 Karidhya 965
Rajnagar 959 Kanaipur 1359 Bishnupur 964
Suri - I 959 Mundira 1333 Suri 963
Murarai - I 957 Pirojpur 1286 Labhpur 962
Mayureswar - II 953 Andarbani 1273 Ilambazar 962

Literacy

Total about 21.6 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 12 lakh are male and about 9.6 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Birbhum is 71%. 77% of male and 64% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 10%. Male literacy has gone up by 6% and female literacy rate has gone up by 12%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Birbhum

Total Male Female
Change 9.2% 6.0% 12.5%
2011 70.7% 76.9% 64.1%
2001 61.5% 70.9% 51.6%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Birbhum

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Nalhati - I 75 Raghabpur 100 Suri 87
Illambazar 74 Dakshin Gobindapur 100 Parota 87
Rampurhat - I 73 Kanaipur 100 Bolpur 87
Suri - II 73 Sindurtopa 100 Rampurhat 86
Suri - I 73 Malhati 100 Karidhya 85
Sainthia 72 Baragachha 100 Labhpur 84
Nalhati - II 72 Hariharpur 100 Ilambazar 83
Mayureswar - I 72 Mukhuria 99 Ahmadpur 81
Labpur 71 Sangri 98 Nalhati 81
Mayureswar - II 71 Chhota Kalikapur 98 Fatehpur 80

Workers profile

Birbhum has 38% (about 13.3 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 57% male and 18% female population are working population. 44% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 14% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 7% of total female population are main and 10% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Birbhum

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 38% 26.1% 12% 62%
Male 57.5% 43.9% 13.6% 42.5%
Female 17.6% 7.4% 10.2% 82.4%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Birbhum

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Chaupahari Jangal 17.4 Dubrajpur 16.8
Margram 17.2 Bolpur 13.1
Tarachua 17.1 Nalhati 12
Hatgachha 14.7 Barua Gopalpur 11.8
Bara 14.4 Sainthia 10
Paikpara 12.5 Rajnagar 9.8
Hate Serandi 12 Suri 9.5
Charkalgram 11.4 Surul 8.1
Mitrapur 11.4 Rampurhat 6.3
Bahiri 10.3 Ambhua 4.9