Dakshin Dinajpur District, with population of about 16.8 lakh is West Bengal's the 2nd least populous district, located in the state West Bengal in India. Total geographical area of Dakshin Dinajpur district is 2219 km2 and it is the 3rd smallest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 755 persons per km2. There are 8 sub districts in the district, among them Tapan is the most populous sub district with population of about 2.5 lakh and Hilli is the least populous sub district with population of about 84 thousand.

There are 3 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Balurghat Municipality and Out Growth; Balurghat and Gangarampur Municipalities.

Demographics

The district is home to about 16.8 lakh people, among them about 8.6 lakh (51%) are male and about 8.2 lakh (49%) are female. 55% of the whole population are from general caste, 29% are from schedule caste and 16% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Dakshin Dinajpur district is 11%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 4 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 86% (about 14.4 lakh) live in Dakshin Dinajpur District rural part and 14% (about 2.4 lakh) population live in the Dakshin Dinajpur District urban part. Rural population density of Dakshin Dinajpur district is 658 and urban population density is 7561 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Dakshin Dinajpur

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 1,676,276 918,156 482,754 275,366 188,135
Male 857,199 470,862 248,312 138,025 96,143
Female 819,077 447,294 234,442 137,341 91,992

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Dakshin Dinajpur

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Tapan 250504 Patiram 12462 Balurghat 153279
Balurghat 248901 Bazrapukur 8538 Balurghat 151416
Gangarampur 237628 Jaypur 7928 Gangarampur 56217
Kushmundi 198752 Belbari (P) 7216 Gopalpur 7016
Kumarganj 169102 Narayanpur (P) 5883 Chak Bhrigu 6269
Bansihari 141286 Khidirpur 5419 Dakra (P) 5268
Harirampur 136853 Patan 5127 Harirampur 5021
Hilli 83754 Shukdebpur 5115 Par Patiram 3225
Bagduar 5003
Purba Saiyadpur (I) 4945

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 74% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 25% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 956 in Muslims are 953.

Religion wise population 2011 - Dakshin Dinajpur

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 1,676,276 1,232,850 412,788 24,794 276 148 323 2,786 2,311
Male 857,199 630,344 211,350 12,475 168 64 175 1,400 1,223
Female 819,077 602,506 201,438 12,319 108 84 148 1,386 1,088

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 11.5% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 15 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 11.8% which is 0.5% higher than male population growth rate of 11.3%. General caste population has increased by 10.9%; Schedule caste population has increased by 11.6%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 13.6% and child population has decreased by -23.5% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Dakshin Dinajpur

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 11.5% 10.9% 11.6% 13.6% -23.5%
Male 11.3% 10.6% 11.8% 12.7% -23.2%
Female 11.8% 11.2% 11.3% 14.6% -23.9%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 956 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 950, in schedule caste is 944 and in schedule tribe is 995. There are 957 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 5 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 9 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Dakshin Dinajpur

Total General SC ST Child
Change 5 5 -4 16 -9
2011 956 950 944 995 957
2001 951 945 948 979 966

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Dakshin Dinajpur

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Harirampur 982 Chak Ramanath 1938 Par Patiram 1007
Kushmundi 981 Santosh Palasdanga 1800 Balurghat 998
Bansihari 958 Sobhanpur 1688 Balurghat 998
Tapan 949 Srikol 1400 Dakra (P) 993
Hilli 949 Birupur 1345 Gopalpur 958
Kumarganj 942 Math Khidirpur 1324 Chak Bhrigu 958
Balurghat 940 Kitahar 1295 Harirampur 954
Gangarampur 933 Subarna Sarai 1279 Gangarampur 932
Mahasani 1267
Atharbbabati 1250

Literacy

Total about 10.8 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 6 lakh are male and about 4.9 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Dakshin Dinajpur is 73%. 78% of male and 67% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 9%. Male literacy has gone up by 6% and female literacy rate has gone up by 13%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Dakshin Dinajpur

Total Male Female
Change 9.2% 6.0% 12.7%
2011 72.8% 78.4% 67%
2001 63.6% 72.4% 54.3%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Dakshin Dinajpur

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Hilli 76 Batrispara 100 Balurghat 91
Kumarganj 75 Purbba Thakurpur 100 Balurghat 91
Balurghat 74 Danlapara 100 Chak Bhrigu 90
Gangarampur 71 Mahakhair 97 Dakra (P) 87
Bansihari 69 Fatepur 95 Gangarampur 85
Tapan 69 Damahar 95 Harirampur 83
Kushmundi 65 Pasoya 95 Gopalpur 78
Harirampur 65 Krisnagar 95 Par Patiram 74
Baodhara 94
Bhelakuri 94

Workers profile

Dakshin Dinajpur has 42% (about 7 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 58% male and 25% female population are working population. 50% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 8% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 12% of total female population are main and 13% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Dakshin Dinajpur

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 41.9% 31.4% 10.5% 58.1%
Male 58.3% 49.9% 8.4% 41.7%
Female 24.8% 12.1% 12.8% 75.2%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Dakshin Dinajpur

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Ramchandrapur 8.9 Balurghat 10.8
Jaypur 8.2 Balurghat 10.8
Purba Saiyadpur (I) 8 Gangarampur 10.3
Elahabad 7.5 Dakra (P) 3.7
Bagduar 7.1 Gopalpur 2.5
Narayanpur (P) 7.1 Par Patiram 1.6
Dior 6.7 Chak Bhrigu 1.3
Naogon 6.3 Harirampur 1.2
Belbari (P) 6.3
Katatair 6.2