Koch Bihar District, with population of about 28.2 lakh is West Bengal's the 5th least populous district, located in the state West Bengal in India. Total geographical area of Koch Bihar district is 3387 km2 and it is the 7th smallest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 832 persons per km2. There are 12 sub districts in the district, among them Cooch Behar - II is the most populous sub district with population of about 3.4 lakh and Haldibari is the least populous sub district with population of about 1 lakh.

There are 6 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Koch Bihar, Dinhata, Mathabhanga, Tufanganj and Haldibari Municipalities (limited to 5 most populous).

Demographics

The district is home to about 28.2 lakh people, among them about 14.5 lakh (51%) are male and about 13.7 lakh (49%) are female. 49% of the whole population are from general caste, 50% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Koch Bihar district is 12%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 6.7 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 90% (about 25.3 lakh) live in Koch Bihar District rural part and 10% (about 2.9 lakh) population live in the Koch Bihar District urban part. Rural population density of Koch Bihar district is 762 and urban population density is 4198 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Koch Bihar

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 2,819,086 1,386,625 1,414,336 18,125 344,645
Male 1,451,542 713,648 728,506 9,388 176,940
Female 1,367,544 672,977 685,830 8,737 167,705

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Koch Bihar

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Cooch Behar - II 343901 Sitalkuchi 37052 Koch Bihar 77935
Cooch Behar - I 326558 Balarampur 34113 Dinhata 36124
Dinhata - I 286269 Bara Haldibari (P) 32340 Mathabhanga 23890
Tufanganj - I 248595 Kalarayerkuthi 20739 Khagrabari 23122
Dinhata - II 244066 Gopalpur 18297 Guriahati 21064
Mathabhanga - II 227397 Rampur 18274 Tufanganj 20998
Mathabhanga - I 218191 Andaran Phulbari (P) 18261 Haldibari 14404
Tufanganj - II 186726 Hemkumari 16491 Takagach 12418
Sitalkuchi 185353 Bara Atiabari Pratham Khanda (P) 14962 Mekliganj 9127
Mekliganj 155250 Bara Nachina (P) 14759 Chakchaka 8582

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 74% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 26% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 940 in Muslims are 949.

Religion wise population 2011 - Koch Bihar

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 2,819,086 2,087,766 720,033 4,122 449 445 1,869 158 4,244
Male 1,451,542 1,076,413 369,383 2,077 267 213 952 92 2,145
Female 1,367,544 1,011,353 350,650 2,045 182 232 917 66 2,099

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 13.7% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 24.8 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 13.3% which is -0.8% lower than male population growth rate of 14.1%. General caste population has increased by 13.4%; Schedule caste population has increased by 13.8%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 27.2% and child population has decreased by -11% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Koch Bihar

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 13.7% 13.4% 13.8% 27.2% -11%
Male 14.1% 13.6% 14.5% 26.4% -10.2%
Female 13.3% 13.2% 13.2% 28.1% -11.7%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 942 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 943, in schedule caste is 941 and in schedule tribe is 931. There are 948 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has decreased by 7 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 16 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Koch Bihar

Total General SC ST Child
Change -7 -3 -11 12 -16
2011 942 943 941 931 948
2001 949 946 952 919 964

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Koch Bihar

Literacy

Total about 18.5 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 10.3 lakh are male and about 8.2 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Koch Bihar is 75%. 81% of male and 68% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 9%. Male literacy has gone up by 5% and female literacy rate has gone up by 12%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Koch Bihar

Total Male Female
Change 8.5% 4.8% 12.4%
2011 74.8% 80.7% 68.5%
2001 66.3% 75.9% 56.1%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Koch Bihar

Workers profile

Koch Bihar has 40% (about 11.3 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 58% male and 21% female population are working population. 52% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 7% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 10% of total female population are main and 11% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Koch Bihar

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 40% 31.4% 8.6% 60%
Male 58.2% 51.7% 6.6% 41.8%
Female 20.7% 10% 10.7% 79.3%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Koch Bihar

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Balarampur 50.5 Haldibari 10.5
Sitalkuchi 45.3 Koch Bihar 8.3
Bara Haldibari (P) 40.8 Khagrabari 5.7
Tista Nadir Payasti 32.4 Guriahati 5.1
Uchal Pukhari 22.3 Dinhata 4.6
Falimari 21.6 Chakchaka 4.5
Hemkumari 21.6 Mekliganj 3.9
Rampur 21.1 Kharimala Khagrabari 3.8
Gopalpur 20.1 Mathabhanga 3.8
Balabhut 17.7 Takagach 3.1