Arwal District, with population of about 7 lakh is Bihar's the 3rd least populous district, located in the state Bihar in India. Total geographical area of Arwal district is 638 km2 and it is the 2nd smallest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 1099 persons per km2. There are 5 sub districts in the district, among them Karpi is the most populous sub district with population of about 1.9 lakh and Sonbhadra Banshi Suryapur is the least populous sub district with population of about 78 thousand.

Demographics

The district is home to about 7 lakh people, among them about 3.6 lakh (52%) are male and about 3.4 lakh (48%) are female. 80% of the whole population are from general caste, 20% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Arwal district is 18%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 1.2 lakh households in the district and an average 6 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 93% (about 6.5 lakh) live in Arwal District rural part and 7% (about 52 thousand) population live in the Arwal District urban part. Rural population density of Arwal district is 1058 and urban population density is 2122 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Arwal

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 700,843 558,939 141,314 590 127,841
Male 363,497 290,329 72,885 283 65,910
Female 337,346 268,610 68,429 307 61,931

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Arwal

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Karpi 192213 Kaler 12853 Arwal 51849
Arwal 159686 Karpi 12592
Kaler 148941 Agnur 12328
Kurtha 121818 Keal 11561
Sonbhadra Banshi Suryapur 78185 Shahar Telpa 9599
Mali 8608
Pariyari 8329
Kinjar 8308
Aiyara 7815
Nighwan 7279

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 90% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 9% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 927 in Muslims are 938.

Religion wise population 2011 - Arwal

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 700,843 634,099 64,259 390 59 323 74 60 1,579
Male 363,497 329,040 33,156 186 28 182 34 29 842
Female 337,346 305,059 31,103 204 31 141 40 31 737

Growth of population

Population of the district has decreased by -53.7% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 15.1 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is -53.7% which is 0% lower than male population growth rate of -53.7%. General caste population has decreased by -54.4%; Schedule caste population has decreased by -50.6%; Schedule Tribe population has decreased by -55.1% and child population has decreased by -56.6% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Arwal

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total -53.7% -54.4% -50.6% -55.1% -56.6%
Male -53.7% -54.4% -50.8% -60.1% -57.1%
Female -53.7% -54.5% -50.4% -49.2% -56%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 928 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 925, in schedule caste is 939 and in schedule tribe is 1085. There are 940 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has decreased by 1 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 23 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Arwal

Total General SC ST Child
Change -1 -4 7 233 23
2011 928 925 939 1085 940
2001 929 929 932 852 917

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Arwal

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Sonbhadra Banshi Suryapur 944 Mahrauli 1368 Arwal 915
Kaler 938 Ghazipur 1192
Kurtha 925 Gangapur 1155
Karpi 924 Khaira 1100
Arwal 919 Chand Bigha 1093
Barahiya 1087
Tawakala 1077
Bansi Surajpur 1059
Doniala 1057
Rajpura 1040

Literacy

Total about 3.9 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 2.4 lakh are male and about 1.5 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Arwal is 67%. 79% of male and 55% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 12%. Male literacy has gone up by 9% and female literacy rate has gone up by 16%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Arwal

Total Male Female
Change 12.1% 9.0% 15.5%
2011 67.4% 79.1% 54.9%
2001 55.3% 70.1% 39.4%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Arwal

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Arwal 71 Manjhupur 92 Arwal 75
Kaler 71 Kubri 89
Karpi 66 Sohsa 88
Sonbhadra Banshi Suryapur 64 Bara 88
Kurtha 64 Wor Bigha 87
Sikaria 86
Jalpura 84
Bishunpur 84
Angarichak 83
Daudpur 83

Workers profile

Arwal has 34% (about 2.4 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 46% male and 20% female population are working population. 35% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 11% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 10% of total female population are main and 10% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Arwal

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 33.7% 23% 10.7% 66.3%
Male 46.2% 34.9% 11.3% 53.8%
Female 20.3% 10.2% 10% 79.7%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Arwal

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Keal 18.3 Arwal 24.4
Kaler 12.9
Aiyara 12.1
Karpi 10.5
Shahar Telpa 9.7
Mainpura 7.7
Mali 7.6
Pariyari 7.6
Rampur waina 7.5
Khatangi 7.2