Araria District, with population of about 28.1 lakh is Bihar's the 20th least populous district, located in the state Bihar in India. Total geographical area of Araria district is 2830 km2 and it is the 15th biggest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 993 persons per km2. There are 9 sub districts in the district, among them Forbesganj is the most populous sub district with population of about 4.9 lakh and Kursakatta is the least populous sub district with population of about 1.5 lakh.

Demographics

The district is home to about 28.1 lakh people, among them about 14.6 lakh (52%) are male and about 13.5 lakh (48%) are female. 85% of the whole population are from general caste, 14% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Araria district is 21%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 5.7 lakh households in the district and an average 5 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 94% (about 26.4 lakh) live in Araria District rural part and 6% (about 1.7 lakh) population live in the Araria District urban part. Rural population density of Araria district is 951 and urban population density is 3305 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Araria

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 2,811,569 2,390,067 382,654 38,848 577,886
Male 1,463,333 1,245,199 198,247 19,887 295,315
Female 1,348,236 1,144,868 184,407 18,961 282,571

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Araria

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Forbesganj 486120 Madhura 26588 Araria 79021
Araria 465529 Rampur 25407 Forbesganj 50475
Raniganj 398977 Rampur Mohanpur 22367 Jogabani 39281
Narpatganj 351773 Barhepara 21121
Jokihat 322192 Koskapur 18835
Palasi 248369 Birnagar 18596
Bhargama 230835 Majhua 18462
Sikti 158543 Bistaria 17647
Kursakatta 149231 Dehti 17313
Raghunath Pur 17198

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 57% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 43% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 913 in Muslims are 932.

Religion wise population 2011 - Araria

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 2,811,569 1,593,525 1,207,442 4,116 371 187 1,910 63 3,955
Male 1,463,333 832,863 624,887 2,158 211 136 985 35 2,058
Female 1,348,236 760,662 582,555 1,958 160 51 925 28 1,897

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 30.2% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 21.6 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 30.8% which is 1.1% higher than male population growth rate of 29.7%. General caste population has increased by 30.2%; Schedule caste population has increased by 30.4%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 32% and child population has increased by 21.9% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Araria

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 30.2% 30.2% 30.4% 32% 21.9%
Male 29.7% 29.6% 30.4% 32.2% 22.3%
Female 30.8% 30.9% 30.4% 31.8% 21.5%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 921 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 919, in schedule caste is 930 and in schedule tribe is 953. There are 957 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 8 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 6 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Araria

Total General SC ST Child
Change 8 9 0 -3 -6
2011 921 919 930 953 957
2001 913 910 930 956 963

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Araria

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Sikti 942 Haribhasa 1200 Jogabani 924
Palasi 928 Sakraili 1175 Forbesganj 903
Raniganj 927 Gachh Mahadewa 1161 Araria 875
Jokihat 919 Bhagtira 1156
Araria 919 Thengapur Pipra Milik 1149
Narpatganj 918 Damiya 1133
Forbesganj 918 Mirzapur 1123
Bhargama 916 Bishunpur 1120
Kursakatta 913 Shahpur 1115
Pharhara 1111

Literacy

Total about 12 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 7.3 lakh are male and about 4.7 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Araria is 54%. 62% of male and 44% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 19%. Male literacy has gone up by 16% and female literacy rate has gone up by 22%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Araria

Total Male Female
Change 18.5% 15.9% 21.5%
2011 53.5% 62.3% 43.9%
2001 35% 46.4% 22.4%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Araria

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Kursakatta 57 Tamkura 94 Forbesganj 79
Sikti 57 Bhaghal Halia 90 Araria 72
Forbesganj 56 Belbari 86 Jogabani 63
Araria 54 Hata Bakhri 85
Narpatganj 54 Mehadinagar 84
Jokihat 53 Kolhua 83
Palasi 53 Bhattaon Kamat 82
Bhargama 51 Kariat 82
Raniganj 50 Shankarpur 81
Lachhmipur 80

Workers profile

Araria has 38% (about 10.7 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 48% male and 27% female population are working population. 37% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 12% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 12% of total female population are main and 15% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Araria

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 38.1% 24.8% 13.3% 61.9%
Male 48.4% 36.7% 11.7% 51.6%
Female 26.8% 11.8% 15% 73.2%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Araria

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Majhua 30 Araria 31
Barhepara 23.8 Jogabani 15.1
Koskapur 23.7 Forbesganj 5
Madhura 22.5
Raghunath Pur 20.2
Bistaria 19.3
Aurahi 19
Mirzapur 17.7
Manullahpatti 16.7
Bhanghi 15.6