Madhubani District, with population of about 44.9 lakh is Bihar's the 4th most populous district, located in the state Bihar in India. Total geographical area of Madhubani district is 3501 km2 and it is the 5th biggest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 1282 persons per km2. There are 21 sub districts in the district, among them Benipatti is the most populous sub district with population of about 3.6 lakh and Kaluahi is the least populous sub district with population of about 1.2 lakh.

Demographics

The district is home to about 44.9 lakh people, among them about 23.3 lakh (52%) are male and about 21.6 lakh (48%) are female. 87% of the whole population are from general caste, 13% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Madhubani district is 18%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 9 lakh households in the district and an average 5 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 96% (about 43.3 lakh) live in Madhubani District rural part and 4% (about 1.6 lakh) population live in the Madhubani District urban part. Rural population density of Madhubani district is 1245 and urban population density is 5903 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Madhubani

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 4,487,379 3,896,231 587,158 3,990 810,479
Male 2,329,313 2,023,868 303,389 2,056 418,616
Female 2,158,066 1,872,363 283,769 1,934 391,863

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Madhubani

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Benipatti 361400 karmegh 39855 Madhubani 75736
Madhubani 323592 Pandaul 32689 Jhanjharpur 30590
Bisfi 320704 Belhi 32293 Jainagar 21782
Pandaul 270642 Usrahi Deodha 26338 Ghoghardiha 18257
Madhepur 267606 Madhepur 25831 Satghara 8060
Rajnagar 246933 Malmal 25101 Madhubani 7070
Babubarhi 217331 Basopatti 24424
Laukaha 212127 Andhra Tharhi 23959
Laukahi 208317 Parsauni 22445
Jhanjharpur 205520 Kumarkhad 22292

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 81% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 18% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 920 in Muslims are 953.

Religion wise population 2011 - Madhubani

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 4,487,379 3,652,168 818,912 3,262 564 328 442 169 11,534
Male 2,329,313 1,901,691 419,415 1,741 288 168 228 81 5,701
Female 2,158,066 1,750,477 399,497 1,521 276 160 214 88 5,833

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 25.5% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 35.8 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 24.4% which is -2.1% lower than male population growth rate of 26.5%. General caste population has increased by 26%; Schedule caste population has increased by 21.8%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 216.7% and child population has increased by 11.6% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Madhubani

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 25.5% 26% 21.8% 216.7% 11.6%
Male 26.5% 27.2% 22% 217.8% 11.8%
Female 24.4% 24.8% 21.7% 215.5% 11.4%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 926 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 925, in schedule caste is 935 and in schedule tribe is 941. There are 936 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has decreased by 16 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 3 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Madhubani

Total General SC ST Child
Change -16 -18 -2 -6 -3
2011 926 925 935 941 936
2001 942 943 937 947 939

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Madhubani

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Laukaha 957 Az Rakbe Naokarhi 1400 Satghara 930
Madhwapur 955 Bhaur 1375 Jhanjharpur 921
Ghoghardiha 948 Mathkhudar Khala 1317 Ghoghardiha 904
Laukahi 946 Rampur 1286 Madhubani 899
Babubarhi 941 Kaparia 1254 Madhubani 877
Jhanjharpur 936 Bidyanagar 1238 Jainagar 863
Harlakhi 933 Bhaur 1207
Pandaul 932 Parsa 1160
Kaluahi 932 Andauli 1154
Ladania 931 Bishunpur Murliahi 1154

Literacy

Total about 21.6 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 13.4 lakh are male and about 8.2 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Madhubani is 59%. 70% of male and 46% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 17%. Male literacy has gone up by 13% and female literacy rate has gone up by 20%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Madhubani

Total Male Female
Change 16.6% 13.3% 20.0%
2011 58.6% 70.1% 46.2%
2001 42% 56.8% 26.2%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Madhubani

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Andhratharhi 63 Hatni 86 Jainagar 79
Lakhnaur 62 Nathopur 84 Madhubani 76
Madhubani 61 Kurson 83 Madhubani 74
Jhanjharpur 60 Amarupi 81 Satghara 72
Rajnagar 60 Az Rakbe Chaupta 81 Ghoghardiha 64
Khajauli 60 kasirampatti 80 Jhanjharpur 61
Kaluahi 59 Motipur 80
Benipatti 59 Pacharhi 80
Jainagar 59 Madhubani Tol 80
Phulparas 59 Barahra Dakhli 80

Workers profile

Madhubani has 36% (about 16.4 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 47% male and 25% female population are working population. 35% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 12% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 12% of total female population are main and 13% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Madhubani

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 36.5% 23.9% 12.5% 63.5%
Male 47.5% 35.2% 12.3% 52.5%
Female 24.6% 11.8% 12.8% 75.4%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Madhubani

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
karmegh 38.8 Jhanjharpur 12.4
Kumarkhad 24.1 Ghoghardiha 8.7
Parsahi Sirsia 22.9 Madhubani 2.5
Belhi 22.8 Jainagar 1.6
Sidhapa 22.5 Satghara 1.5
Chandar Gobraura 19.9 Madhubani 0.6
Bangawan 18.1
Barhampur 17.4
Mahathour 17.4
Malmal 16.3