Madurai Municipal Corporation, with population of about 10.2 lakh is Madurai South sub district's only municipal corporation located in Madurai South sub district of Madurai district in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Madurai municipal corporation is 52 km2. Population density of the city is 19589 persons per km2. There are 72 wards in the city, among them Madurai Ward No 71 is the most populous ward with population of about 33 thousand and Madurai Ward No 32 is the least populous ward with population of 5159.

Nearest railway station is Madurai which is within the city. Madurai South is the sub district head quarter of the city. District head quarter of the city is Madurai. Chennai is the state head quarter of the city and is 465 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the city is 713.3 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 37.7°C and minimum temperature goes down to 19.9°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 10.2 lakh people, among them about 5.1 lakh (50%) are male and about 5.1 lakh (50%) are female. 93% of the whole population are from general caste, 6% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Madurai municipal corporation is 10%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 2.7 lakh households in the city and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Madurai

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 1,017,865 950,883 63,833 3,149 100,324
Male 509,302 475,874 31,874 1,554 51,485
Female 508,563 475,009 31,959 1,595 48,839

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 86% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Muslims which contribute 9% of the total population and Christians are the third largest religious community here with 5% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 994 in Muslims are 998 and in Christians are 1070.

Religion wise population 2011 - Madurai

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 1,017,865 873,601 86,886 52,737 164 74 1,324 77 3,002
Male 509,302 438,165 43,490 25,482 83 38 673 37 1,334
Female 508,563 435,436 43,396 27,255 81 36 651 40 1,668

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 9.6% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 9.3 lakh. Female population growth rate of the city is 10.7% which is 2.2% higher than male population growth rate of 8.5%. General caste population has increased by 8.9%; Schedule caste population has increased by 18.9%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 52.6% and child population has increased by 0.2% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Madurai

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 9.6% 8.9% 18.9% 52.6% 0.2%
Male 8.5% 7.8% 18.8% 51% 0.4%
Female 10.7% 10.1% 19% 54.1% 0%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 999 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 998, in schedule caste is 1003 and in schedule tribe is 1026. There are 949 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has increased by 20 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 4 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Madurai

Total General SC ST Child
Change 20 21 2 20 -4
2011 999 998 1003 1026 949
2001 979 977 1001 1006 953

Literacy

Total about 8.3 lakh people in the city are literate, among them about 4.3 lakh are male and about 4 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Madurai is 91%. 95% of male and 87% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 4%. Male literacy has gone up by 3% and female literacy rate has gone up by 5%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Madurai

Total Male Female
Change 3.9% 2.5% 5.5%
2011 90.9% 94.8% 87.1%
2001 87% 92.3% 81.6%

Workers profile

Madurai has 38% (about 3.9 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 59% male and 18% female population are working population. 56% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 3% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 15% of total female population are main and 2% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Madurai

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 38.4% 35.7% 2.7% 61.6%
Male 59.1% 56% 3.1% 40.9%
Female 17.7% 15.4% 2.4% 82.3%