Vallam Town Panchayat, with population of about 17 thousand is Thanjavur sub district's only town panchayat located in Thanjavur sub district of Thanjavur district in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Vallam town panchayat is 8 km2. Population density of the city is 2205 persons per km2. There are 15 wards in the city, among them Vallam Ward No 02 is the most populous ward with population of 3639 and Vallam Ward No 06 is the least populous ward with population of 572.

Nearest railway station is Thanjavur which is 12 km far from here. Thanjavur is the sub district head quarter and the distance from the city is 12 km. District head quarter of the city is Thanjavur which is 12 km away. Chennai is the state head quarter of the city and is 340 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the city is 1217 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 36°C and minimum temperature goes down to 22.8°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 17 thousand people, among them 7812 (47%) are male and 8946 (53%) are female. 91% of the whole population are from general caste, 9% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Vallam town panchayat is 10%, among them 54% are boys and 46% are girls. There are 3840 households in the city and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Vallam

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 16,758 15,236 1,462 60 1,619
Male 7,812 7,070 717 25 877
Female 8,946 8,166 745 35 742

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 68% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Christians which contribute 17% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 15% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1159 in Christians are 1058 and in Muslims are 1186.

Religion wise population 2011 - Vallam

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 16,758 11,417 2,468 2,858 0 5 1 0 9
Male 7,812 5,288 1,129 1,389 0 1 1 0 4
Female 8,946 6,129 1,339 1,469 0 4 0 0 5

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 13.1% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 15 thousand. Female population growth rate of the city is 17.4% which is 8.9% higher than male population growth rate of 8.5%. General caste population has increased by 13.7%; Schedule caste population has increased by 4.4%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 252.9% and child population has decreased by -3.9% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Vallam

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 13.1% 13.7% 4.4% 252.9% -3.9%
Male 8.5% 8.8% 3.3% 257.1% 0.2%
Female 17.4% 18.3% 5.4% 250% -8.4%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1145 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 1155, in schedule caste is 1039 and in schedule tribe is 1400. There are 846 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has increased by 87 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 80 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Vallam

Total General SC ST Child
Change 87 93 20 -29 -80
2011 1145 1155 1039 1400 846
2001 1058 1062 1019 1429 926

Literacy

Total about 13 thousand people in the city are literate, among them 6485 are male and 6991 are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Vallam is 89%. 94% of male and 85% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 7%. Male literacy has gone up by 5% and female literacy rate has gone up by 10%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Vallam

Total Male Female
Change 7.3% 4.5% 10.4%
2011 89% 93.5% 85.2%
2001 81.7% 89% 74.8%

Workers profile

Vallam has 32% (5374) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 53% male and 14% female population are working population. 46% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 7% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 11% of total female population are main and 3% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Vallam

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 32.1% 27.3% 4.8% 67.9%
Male 52.9% 45.7% 7.2% 47.1%
Female 13.9% 11.2% 2.7% 86.1%