Nelliyalam Municipality, with population of about 45 thousand is Panthalur sub district's only municipality located in Panthalur sub district of The Nilgiris district in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Nelliyalam municipality is 94 km2. Population density of the city is 473 persons per km2. There are 21 wards in the city, among them Nelliyalam Ward No 03 is the most populous ward with population of 3798 and Nelliyalam Ward No 09 is the least populous ward with population of 1106.

Nearest railway station is Udhagamandalam which is 72 km far from here. Panthalur is the sub district head quarter and the distance from the city is 23 km. District head quarter of the city is Udhagamandalam which is 72 km away. Chennai is the state head quarter of the city and is 637 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the city is 2368.6 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 21.6°C and minimum temperature goes down to 4.2°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 45 thousand people, among them about 22 thousand (49%) are male and about 23 thousand (51%) are female. 38% of the whole population are from general caste, 58% are from schedule caste and 4% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Nelliyalam municipality is 11%, among them 50% are boys and 50% are girls. There are about 11 thousand households in the city and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Nelliyalam

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 44,590 16,726 26,079 1,785 4,717
Male 21,911 8,228 12,847 836 2,371
Female 22,679 8,498 13,232 949 2,346

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 80% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Muslims which contribute 14% of the total population and Christians are the third largest religious community here with 6% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1032 in Muslims are 1060 and in Christians are 1018.

Religion wise population 2011 - Nelliyalam

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 44,590 35,607 6,428 2,535 7 1 0 0 12
Male 21,911 17,525 3,120 1,256 5 0 0 0 5
Female 22,679 18,082 3,308 1,279 2 1 0 0 7

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 6.6% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 42 thousand. Female population growth rate of the city is 8.2% which is 3.2% higher than male population growth rate of 5%. General caste population has increased by 3.6%; Schedule caste population has increased by 7%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 35.6% and child population has decreased by -21.9% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Nelliyalam

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 6.6% 3.6% 7% 35.6% -21.9%
Male 5% 1.6% 6% 28.6% -23.7%
Female 8.2% 5.6% 8% 42.5% -20.1%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1035 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 1033, in schedule caste is 1030 and in schedule tribe is 1135. There are 989 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has increased by 30 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 43 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Nelliyalam

Total General SC ST Child
Change 30 39 19 110 43
2011 1035 1033 1030 1135 989
2001 1005 994 1011 1025 946

Literacy

Total about 35 thousand people in the city are literate, among them about 18 thousand are male and about 17 thousand are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Nelliyalam is 87%. 93% of male and 82% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 4%. Male literacy has gone up by 2% and female literacy rate has gone up by 6%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Nelliyalam

Total Male Female
Change 3.9% 1.9% 6.1%
2011 87.2% 93% 81.7%
2001 83.3% 91.1% 75.6%

Workers profile

Nelliyalam has 43% (about 19 thousand) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 53% male and 34% female population are working population. 46% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 7% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 29% of total female population are main and 5% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Nelliyalam

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 43.3% 37.5% 5.9% 56.7%
Male 52.9% 46.3% 6.6% 47.1%
Female 34.1% 28.9% 5.2% 65.9%