Salem Municipal Corporation, with population of about 8.3 lakh is Salem sub district's only municipal corporation located in Salem sub district of Salem district in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Salem municipal corporation is 91 km2. Population density of the city is 9079 persons per km2. There are 60 wards in the city, among them Salem Ward No 50 is the most populous ward with population of about 33 thousand and Salem Ward No 31 is the least populous ward with population of 7457.

Nearest railway station is Salem which is within the city. Salem is the sub district head quarter of the city. District head quarter of the city is Salem. Chennai is the state head quarter of the city and is 350 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the city is 860.2 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 39.1°C and minimum temperature goes down to 19.7°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 8.3 lakh people, among them about 4.2 lakh (50%) are male and about 4.1 lakh (50%) are female. 87% of the whole population are from general caste, 13% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Salem municipal corporation is 10%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 2.2 lakh households in the city and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Salem

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 829,267 721,677 106,320 1,270 79,067
Male 417,317 363,498 53,167 652 40,570
Female 411,950 358,179 53,153 618 38,497

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 90% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Muslims which contribute 7% of the total population and Christians are the third largest religious community here with 2% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 983 in Muslims are 1012 and in Christians are 1066.

Religion wise population 2011 - Salem

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 829,267 744,630 62,033 19,608 176 73 915 141 1,691
Male 417,317 375,519 30,836 9,489 95 39 475 77 787
Female 411,950 369,111 31,197 10,119 81 34 440 64 904

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 19% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 7 lakh. Female population growth rate of the city is 20.2% which is 2.3% higher than male population growth rate of 17.9%. General caste population has increased by 16.6%; Schedule caste population has increased by 38.7%; Schedule Tribe population has decreased by -5.6% and child population has increased by 3% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Salem

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 19% 16.6% 38.7% -5.6% 3%
Male 17.9% 15.5% 38.4% -5.6% 2.7%
Female 20.2% 17.9% 39% -5.5% 3.3%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 987 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 985, in schedule caste is 1000 and in schedule tribe is 948. There are 949 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has increased by 18 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 6 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Salem

Total General SC ST Child
Change 18 20 4 2 6
2011 987 985 1000 948 949
2001 969 965 996 946 943

Literacy

Total about 6.3 lakh people in the city are literate, among them about 3.4 lakh are male and about 3 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Salem is 84%. 89% of male and 79% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 6%. Male literacy has gone up by 4% and female literacy rate has gone up by 7%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Salem

Total Male Female
Change 6.0% 4.4% 7.7%
2011 84.4% 89.3% 79.5%
2001 78.4% 84.9% 71.8%

Workers profile

Salem has 40% (about 3.3 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 60% male and 20% female population are working population. 58% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 2% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 18% of total female population are main and 2% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Salem

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 40.1% 38.1% 1.9% 59.9%
Male 59.9% 57.8% 2.1% 40.1%
Female 19.9% 18.2% 1.7% 80.1%