Avadi Municipality, with population of about 3.5 lakh is Poonamallee sub district's the most populous municipality located in Poonamallee sub district of Thiruvallur district in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Avadi municipality is 65 km2 and it is the biggest city by area in the sub district. Population density of the city is 5323 persons per km2. There are 48 wards in the city, among them Avadi Ward No 18 is the most populous ward with population of about 21 thousand and Avadi Ward No 23 is the least populous ward with population of 1527.

Nearest railway station is Avadi which is within the city. Poonamallee is the sub district head quarter and the distance from the city is 5 km. District head quarter of the city is Thiruvallur which is 50 km away. Chennai is the state head quarter of the city and is 40 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the city is 1062 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 37.6°C and minimum temperature goes down to 21.1°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 3.5 lakh people, among them about 1.8 lakh (51%) are male and about 1.7 lakh (49%) are female. 83% of the whole population are from general caste, 16% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Avadi municipality is 10%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 88 thousand households in the city and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Avadi

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 345,996 287,888 55,924 2,184 36,091
Male 175,658 146,416 28,106 1,136 18,419
Female 170,338 141,472 27,818 1,048 17,672

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 84% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Christians which contribute 11% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 5% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 967 in Christians are 1009 and in Muslims are 934.

Religion wise population 2011 - Avadi

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 345,996 291,446 15,779 36,990 253 117 271 119 1,021
Male 175,658 148,202 8,158 18,416 144 66 141 52 479
Female 170,338 143,244 7,621 18,574 109 51 130 67 542

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 50.8% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 2.3 lakh. Female population growth rate of the city is 52.9% which is 4% higher than male population growth rate of 48.9%. General caste population has increased by 50.1%; Schedule caste population has increased by 56.9%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 8.2% and child population has increased by 45.3% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Avadi

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 50.8% 50.1% 56.9% 8.2% 45.3%
Male 48.9% 48% 55.4% 14.3% 45%
Female 52.9% 52.4% 58.5% 2.3% 45.7%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 970 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 966, in schedule caste is 990 and in schedule tribe is 923. There are 959 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has increased by 26 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 4 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Avadi

Total General SC ST Child
Change 26 27 20 -107 4
2011 970 966 990 923 959
2001 944 939 970 1030 955

Literacy

Total about 2.8 lakh people in the city are literate, among them about 1.5 lakh are male and about 1.3 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Avadi is 91%. 95% of male and 87% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 4%. Male literacy has gone up by 2% and female literacy rate has gone up by 6%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Avadi

Total Male Female
Change 4.0% 2.1% 6.1%
2011 91.3% 95.2% 87.2%
2001 87.3% 93.1% 81.1%

Workers profile

Avadi has 37% (about 1.3 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 57% male and 15% female population are working population. 53% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 5% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 13% of total female population are main and 3% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Avadi

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 36.7% 33% 3.7% 63.3%
Male 57.4% 52.8% 4.6% 42.6%
Female 15.5% 12.7% 2.8% 84.5%