Panihati Municipality, with population of about 3.8 lakh is North Twenty Four Parganas district's the 4th most populous municipality located in North Twenty Four Parganas district of the state West Bengal in India. Total geographical area of Panihati municipality is 19 km2 and it is the 11th biggest city by area in the district. Population density of the city is 19471 persons per km2. There are 35 wards in the city, among them Panihati Ward No 07 is the most populous ward with population of about 20 thousand and Panihati Ward No 20 is the least populous ward with population of 5530.

Nearest railway station is Sodepur which is 1 km far from here. Barrackpore is the sub district head quarter and the distance from the city is 8 km. District head quarter of the city is Barasat which is 15 km away. Kolkata is the state head quarter of the city and is 20 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the city is 2815 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 38.6°C and minimum temperature goes down to 10.2°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 3.8 lakh people, among them about 1.9 lakh (50%) are male and about 1.9 lakh (50%) are female. 94% of the whole population are from general caste, 5% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Panihati municipality is 7%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 86 thousand households in the city and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Panihati

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 377,347 353,265 20,410 3,672 26,215
Male 189,446 177,060 10,544 1,842 13,329
Female 187,901 176,205 9,866 1,830 12,886

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 96% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Muslims which contribute 4% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 996 in Muslims are 886.

Religion wise population 2011 - Panihati

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 377,347 360,824 13,859 444 309 1,053 86 246 526
Male 189,446 180,768 7,347 227 165 514 46 122 257
Female 187,901 180,056 6,512 217 144 539 40 124 269

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 8.3% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 3.5 lakh. Female population growth rate of the city is 11.8% which is 6.7% higher than male population growth rate of 5.1%. General caste population has increased by 7.1%; Schedule caste population has increased by 25.8%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 48% and child population has decreased by -12.2% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Panihati

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 8.3% 7.1% 25.8% 48% -12.2%
Male 5.1% 3.8% 24.1% 44.4% -12.2%
Female 11.8% 10.7% 27.6% 51.9% -12.3%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 992 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 995, in schedule caste is 936 and in schedule tribe is 993. There are 967 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has increased by 60 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 1 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Panihati

Total General SC ST Child
Change 60 62 25 49 -1
2011 992 995 936 993 967
2001 932 933 911 944 968

Literacy

Total about 3.2 lakh people in the city are literate, among them about 1.7 lakh are male and about 1.6 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Panihati is 92%. 94% of male and 90% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 2%. Male literacy has gone down by 1% and female literacy rate has gone up by 4%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Panihati

Total Male Female
Change 2.4% 1.4% 3.6%
2011 91.9% 94% 89.8%
2001 89.5% 92.6% 86.2%

Workers profile

Panihati has 35% (about 1.3 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 57% male and 12% female population are working population. 54% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 3% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 11% of total female population are main and 2% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Panihati

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 34.8% 32.5% 2.3% 65.2%
Male 57.2% 54.3% 2.8% 42.8%
Female 12.3% 10.6% 1.8% 87.7%