Garulia Municipality, with population of about 85 thousand is North Twenty Four Parganas district's the 5th least populous municipality located in North Twenty Four Parganas district of the state West Bengal in India. Total geographical area of Garulia municipality is 6 km2 and it is the 2nd smallest city by area in the district. Population density of the city is 13189 persons per km2. There are 20 wards in the city, among them Garulia Ward No 16 is the most populous ward with population of 7365 and Garulia Ward No 01 is the least populous ward with population of 2882.

Nearest railway station is Shyam Nagar which is within the city. Barrackpore is the sub district head quarter of the city. District head quarter of the city is Barasat. Kolkata is the state head quarter of the city. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 38°C and minimum temperature goes down to 11°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 85 thousand people, among them about 45 thousand (53%) are male and about 41 thousand (47%) are female. 79% of the whole population are from general caste, 20% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Garulia municipality is 8%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 18 thousand households in the city and an average 5 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Garulia

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 85,336 67,153 17,341 842 7,247
Male 44,825 35,160 9,222 443 3,778
Female 40,511 31,993 8,119 399 3,469

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 85% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Muslims which contribute 15% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 913 in Muslims are 855.

Religion wise population 2011 - Garulia

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 85,336 72,278 12,717 61 82 30 16 41 111
Male 44,825 37,786 6,857 34 43 19 11 21 54
Female 40,511 34,492 5,860 27 39 11 5 20 57

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 6.8% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 80 thousand. Female population growth rate of the city is 8.4% which is 3.1% higher than male population growth rate of 5.3%. General caste population has increased by 2.9%; Schedule caste population has increased by 20.2%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 227.6% and child population has decreased by -7.8% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Garulia

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 6.8% 2.9% 20.2% 227.6% -7.8%
Male 5.3% 0.9% 21.6% 251.6% -8%
Female 8.4% 5.2% 18.7% 204.6% -7.6%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 904 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 910, in schedule caste is 880 and in schedule tribe is 901. There are 918 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has increased by 26 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 4 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Garulia

Total General SC ST Child
Change 26 37 -22 -139 4
2011 904 910 880 901 918
2001 878 873 902 1040 914

Literacy

Total about 68 thousand people in the city are literate, among them about 37 thousand are male and about 31 thousand are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Garulia is 87%. 91% of male and 83% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 7%. Male literacy has gone up by 5% and female literacy rate has gone up by 10%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Garulia

Total Male Female
Change 7.1% 4.8% 9.9%
2011 86.9% 90.7% 82.6%
2001 79.8% 85.9% 72.7%

Workers profile

Garulia has 33% (about 28 thousand) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 54% male and 10% female population are working population. 48% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 6% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 8% of total female population are main and 2% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Garulia

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 33% 28.9% 4% 67%
Male 54% 48.3% 5.7% 46%
Female 9.7% 7.5% 2.1% 90.3%