Habra Municipality, with population of about 1.5 lakh is North Twenty Four Parganas district's the 13th most populous municipality located in North Twenty Four Parganas district of the state West Bengal in India. Total geographical area of Habra municipality is 22 km2 and it is the 8th biggest city by area in the district. Population density of the city is 6753 persons per km2. There are 23 wards in the city, among them Habra Ward No 22 is the most populous ward with population of 9722 and Habra Ward No 12 is the least populous ward with population of 3766.

Nearest railway station is Habra which is within the city. Ashoknagar is the sub district head quarter and the distance from the city is 1 km. District head quarter of the city is Barasat which is 30 km away. Kolkata is the state head quarter of the city and is 48 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the city is 1442 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 38°C and minimum temperature goes down to 14°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 1.5 lakh people, among them about 75 thousand (51%) are male and about 73 thousand (49%) are female. 73% of the whole population are from general caste, 25% are from schedule caste and 2% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Habra municipality is 8%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 36 thousand households in the city and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Habra

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 147,221 107,725 37,163 2,333 11,696
Male 74,592 54,509 18,907 1,176 6,005
Female 72,629 53,216 18,256 1,157 5,691

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 98% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Muslims which contribute 1% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 973 in Muslims are 1046.

Religion wise population 2011 - Habra

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 147,221 144,745 2,126 74 43 12 17 12 192
Male 74,592 73,367 1,039 38 30 9 6 5 98
Female 72,629 71,378 1,087 36 13 3 11 7 94

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 15.4% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 1.3 lakh. Female population growth rate of the city is 16.3% which is 1.8% higher than male population growth rate of 14.5%. General caste population has increased by 7.4%; Schedule caste population has increased by 44.2%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 57.8% and child population has decreased by -7.5% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Habra

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 15.4% 7.4% 44.2% 57.8% -7.5%
Male 14.5% 6% 45.7% 63.3% -6%
Female 16.3% 8.8% 42.6% 52.6% -9.1%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 974 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 976, in schedule caste is 966 and in schedule tribe is 984. There are 948 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has increased by 15 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 33 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Habra

Total General SC ST Child
Change 15 25 -20 -69 -33
2011 974 976 966 984 948
2001 959 951 986 1053 981

Literacy

Total about 1.2 lakh people in the city are literate, among them about 64 thousand are male and about 58 thousand are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Habra is 90%. 93% of male and 87% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 4%. Male literacy has gone up by 2% and female literacy rate has gone up by 6%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Habra

Total Male Female
Change 3.7% 2.0% 5.5%
2011 90% 93% 86.9%
2001 86.3% 91% 81.4%

Workers profile

Habra has 37% (about 54 thousand) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 60% male and 13% female population are working population. 57% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 3% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 10% of total female population are main and 3% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Habra

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 36.6% 33.8% 2.8% 63.4%
Male 59.9% 56.9% 3% 40.1%
Female 12.7% 10.1% 2.6% 87.3%