Kalna Municipality, with population of about 57 thousand is Barddhaman district's the 4th least populous municipality located in Barddhaman district of the state West Bengal in India. Total geographical area of Kalna municipality is 4 km2 and it is the smallest city by area in the district. Population density of the city is 12891 persons per km2. There are 18 wards in the city, among them Kalna Ward No 07 is the most populous ward with population of 7241 and Kalna Ward No 01 is the least populous ward with population of 1225.

Nearest railway station is Ambika Katwa which is 1 km far from here. Kalna is the sub district head quarter of the city. District head quarter of the city is Barddhaman which is 68 km away. Kolkata is the state head quarter of the city and is 100 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the city is 4.5 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 35°C and minimum temperature goes down to 27°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 57 thousand people, among them about 29 thousand (51%) are male and about 28 thousand (49%) are female. 72% of the whole population are from general caste, 27% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Kalna municipality is 8%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 13 thousand households in the city and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Kalna

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 56,722 40,870 15,351 501 4,557
Male 28,793 20,746 7,796 251 2,327
Female 27,929 20,124 7,555 250 2,230

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 95% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Muslims which contribute 5% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 971 in Muslims are 953.

Religion wise population 2011 - Kalna

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 56,722 53,744 2,769 69 12 38 6 1 83
Male 28,793 27,270 1,418 32 7 20 4 0 42
Female 27,929 26,474 1,351 37 5 18 2 1 41

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 8.7% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 52 thousand. Female population growth rate of the city is 9.5% which is 1.5% higher than male population growth rate of 8%. General caste population has increased by 7.4%; Schedule caste population has increased by 12.3%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 10.4% and child population has decreased by -10.3% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Kalna

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 8.7% 7.4% 12.3% 10.4% -10.3%
Male 8% 6.8% 12% -12.5% -9.7%
Female 9.5% 8% 12.6% 49.7% -11%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 970 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 970, in schedule caste is 969 and in schedule tribe is 996. There are 958 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has increased by 13 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 15 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Kalna

Total General SC ST Child
Change 13 10 5 414 -15
2011 970 970 969 996 958
2001 957 960 964 582 973

Literacy

Total about 45 thousand people in the city are literate, among them about 24 thousand are male and about 21 thousand are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Kalna is 87%. 91% of male and 83% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 3%. Male literacy has gone down by 1% and female literacy rate has gone up by 5%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Kalna

Total Male Female
Change 2.6% 1.1% 4.4%
2011 87% 91.2% 82.8%
2001 84.4% 90.1% 78.4%

Workers profile

Kalna has 40% (about 23 thousand) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 60% male and 19% female population are working population. 55% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 5% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 13% of total female population are main and 5% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Kalna

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 39.7% 34.2% 5.5% 60.3%
Male 60% 54.5% 5.5% 40%
Female 18.7% 13.3% 5.4% 81.3%