Asansol Municipal Corporation, with population of about 5.6 lakh is Paschim Barddhaman district's the least populous municipal corporation located in Paschim Barddhaman district of the state West Bengal in India. Total geographical area of Asansol municipal corporation is 125 km2 and it is the smallest city by area in the district. Population density of the city is 4503 persons per km2. There are 50 wards in the city, among them Asansol Ward No 28 is the most populous ward with population of about 33 thousand and Asansol Ward No 13 is the least populous ward with population of 3026.

Nearest railway station is Asansol which is within the city. Asansol is the sub district head quarter of the city. District head quarter of the city is Barddhaman which is 102 km away. Kolkata is the state head quarter of the city. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 39°C and minimum temperature goes down to 29°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 5.6 lakh people, among them about 2.9 lakh (52%) are male and about 2.7 lakh (48%) are female. 84% of the whole population are from general caste, 12% are from schedule caste and 4% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Asansol municipal corporation is 11%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 1.1 lakh households in the city and an average 5 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Asansol

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 563,917 476,131 67,759 20,027 60,183
Male 292,387 247,595 34,771 10,021 31,309
Female 271,530 228,536 32,988 10,006 28,874

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 75% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Muslims which contribute 21% of the total population and Sikhs are the third largest religious community here with 1% population all other religious communities contribute 3% of the total population. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 925 in Muslims are 936 and in Sikhs are 914

Religion wise population 2011 - Asansol

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 563,917 423,956 119,893 5,608 6,170 288 243 5,332 2,427
Male 292,387 220,269 61,932 2,778 3,223 150 126 2,688 1,221
Female 271,530 203,687 57,961 2,830 2,947 138 117 2,644 1,206

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 18.6% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 4.8 lakh. Female population growth rate of the city is 20.9% which is 4.4% higher than male population growth rate of 16.5%. General caste population has increased by 20.2%; Schedule caste population has increased by 10.2%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 11.5% and child population has increased by 13.2% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Asansol

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 18.6% 20.2% 10.2% 11.5% 13.2%
Male 16.5% 18.1% 8.5% 9.5% 15.8%
Female 20.9% 22.7% 12% 13.6% 10.6%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 929 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 923, in schedule caste is 949 and in schedule tribe is 999. There are 922 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has increased by 34 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 43 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Asansol

Total General SC ST Child
Change 34 35 30 37 -43
2011 929 923 949 999 922
2001 895 888 919 962 965

Literacy

Total about 4.2 lakh people in the city are literate, among them about 2.3 lakh are male and about 1.9 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Asansol is 83%. 88% of male and 78% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 3%. Male literacy has gone down by 1% and female literacy rate has gone up by 5%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Asansol

Total Male Female
Change 2.8% 1.5% 4.6%
2011 83.3% 88.3% 77.9%
2001 80.5% 86.8% 73.3%

Workers profile

Asansol has 33% (about 1.8 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 53% male and 11% female population are working population. 45% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 8% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 6% of total female population are main and 4% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Asansol

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 32.6% 26.4% 6.2% 67.4%
Male 53.1% 44.8% 8.2% 46.9%
Female 10.6% 6.5% 4.1% 89.4%