Arrah Municipal Corporation, with population of about 2.6 lakh is Arrah sub district's only municipal corporation located in Arrah sub district of Bhojpur district in the state Bihar in India. Total geographical area of Arrah municipal corporation is 31 km2. Population density of the city is 8441 persons per km2. There are 45 wards in the city, among them Arrah Ward No 42 is the most populous ward with population of about 11 thousand and Arrah Ward No 16 is the least populous ward with population of 2951.

Nearest railway station is Arrah Jn. which is within the city. Arrah is the sub district head quarter of the city. District head quarter of the city is Arrah. Patna is the state head quarter of the city and is 56 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the city is 1120 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 44°C and minimum temperature goes down to 6°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 2.6 lakh people, among them about 1.4 lakh (53%) are male and about 1.2 lakh (47%) are female. 90% of the whole population are from general caste, 10% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Arrah municipal corporation is 14%, among them 53% are boys and 47% are girls. There are about 39 thousand households in the city and an average 7 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Arrah

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 261,430 235,000 25,474 956 36,499
Male 138,804 124,887 13,418 499 19,357
Female 122,626 110,113 12,056 457 17,142

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 83% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Muslims which contribute 16% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 876 in Muslims are 917.

Religion wise population 2011 - Arrah

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 261,430 217,673 41,290 334 307 33 1,151 2 640
Male 138,804 116,023 21,539 167 162 16 575 0 322
Female 122,626 101,650 19,751 167 145 17 576 2 318

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 28.5% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 2 lakh. Female population growth rate of the city is 31.1% which is 4.8% higher than male population growth rate of 26.3%. General caste population has increased by 28.1%; Schedule caste population has increased by 32%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 51.7% and child population has increased by 18% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Arrah

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 28.5% 28.1% 32% 51.7% 18%
Male 26.3% 26.2% 27.5% 43.4% 18.5%
Female 31.1% 30.4% 37.4% 62.1% 17.5%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 883 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 882, in schedule caste is 898 and in schedule tribe is 916. There are 886 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has increased by 32 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 7 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Arrah

Total General SC ST Child
Change 32 29 64 106 -7
2011 883 882 898 916 886
2001 851 853 834 810 893

Literacy

Total about 1.8 lakh people in the city are literate, among them about 1 lakh are male and about 79 thousand are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Arrah is 81%. 87% of male and 75% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 4%. Male literacy has gone up by 2% and female literacy rate has gone up by 7%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Arrah

Total Male Female
Change 3.8% 1.5% 6.8%
2011 81.2% 86.7% 74.9%
2001 77.4% 85.2% 68.1%

Workers profile

Arrah has 25% (about 66 thousand) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 42% male and 7% female population are working population. 35% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 7% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 4% of total female population are main and 2% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Arrah

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 25.2% 20.6% 4.6% 74.8%
Male 41.6% 34.8% 6.8% 58.4%
Female 6.6% 4.5% 2.2% 93.4%