Purnia Municipal Corporation, with population of about 2.8 lakh is Purnia East sub district's only municipal corporation located in Purnia East sub district of Purnia district in the state Bihar in India. Total geographical area of Purnia municipal corporation is 92 km2. Population density of the city is 3058 persons per km2. There are 46 wards in the city, among them Purnia Ward No 24 is the most populous ward with population of about 10 thousand and Purnia Ward No 45 is the least populous ward with population of 2707.

Nearest railway station is Purnia which is within the city. Purnia East is the sub district head quarter of the city. District head quarter of the city is Purnia. Patna is the state head quarter of the city and is 300 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the city is 1196 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 36°C and minimum temperature goes down to 5°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 2.8 lakh people, among them about 1.5 lakh (52%) are male and about 1.3 lakh (48%) are female. 85% of the whole population are from general caste, 10% are from schedule caste and 5% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Purnia municipal corporation is 15%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 54 thousand households in the city and an average 5 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Purnia

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 282,248 239,277 27,738 15,233 43,050
Male 148,077 125,899 14,390 7,788 22,038
Female 134,171 113,378 13,348 7,445 21,012

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 75% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Muslims which contribute 23% of the total population and Christians are the third largest religious community here with 1% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 896 in Muslims are 937 and in Christians are 1001.

Religion wise population 2011 - Purnia

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 282,248 212,228 65,643 1,699 335 52 995 572 724
Male 148,077 111,961 33,894 849 172 31 507 292 371
Female 134,171 100,267 31,749 850 163 21 488 280 353

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 64.4% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 1.7 lakh. Female population growth rate of the city is 70.1% which is 10.6% higher than male population growth rate of 59.5%. General caste population has increased by 60.2%; Schedule caste population has increased by 79.2%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 122.1% and child population has increased by 54.6% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Purnia

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 64.4% 60.2% 79.2% 122.1% 54.6%
Male 59.5% 55.6% 74.1% 114.4% 54.5%
Female 70.1% 65.7% 85.2% 130.8% 54.8%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 906 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 901, in schedule caste is 928 and in schedule tribe is 956. There are 953 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has increased by 56 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 1 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Purnia

Total General SC ST Child
Change 56 55 56 68 1
2011 906 901 928 956 953
2001 850 846 872 888 952

Literacy

Total about 1.7 lakh people in the city are literate, among them about 98 thousand are male and about 77 thousand are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Purnia is 73%. 78% of male and 68% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has decreased by -1%. Male literacy has gone down by -2% and female literacy rate has gone up by 2%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Purnia

Total Male Female
Change -0.7% -2.5% 1.9%
2011 73% 77.9% 67.6%
2001 73.7% 80.4% 65.7%

Workers profile

Purnia has 29% (about 82 thousand) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 45% male and 11% female population are working population. 37% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 8% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 7% of total female population are main and 5% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Purnia

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 29.2% 22.9% 6.3% 70.8%
Male 45.3% 37.4% 7.9% 54.7%
Female 11.4% 6.8% 4.6% 88.6%